The Eastern Hemisphere - Africa

History Reference: Ancient History & World History

What Is Africa Like?

Get ready for many fascinating adventures. Would you like to hike up a snowcapped mountain near the equator? Perhaps you'll want to travel by jeep on a safari (suh-fah-ree)—a trip to Africa to see wild animals. From the jeep, you might see lions, elephants, zebras, and giraffes. What about a bumpy camel ride across the largest sand desert in the world? Or maybe you�…

1 minute read

What Is the Geography of Africa? - What Is the Climate Like?

Africa is a huge continent. It covers one-fifth of the earth's land. Africa is located south of Europe and Southwest Asia. Look at the map on page 119. Notice that the equator runs through the middle of the continent. Because of the location of the equator, most of Africa has a tropical climate. There are not many mountain ranges in Africa. Mt. Kilimanjaro is the continent's highest …

5 minute read

How Has History Affected the People of North Africa? - Who Are the People of North Africa?, What Is North Africa Like Today?

On the map, find the countries of Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. These six countries make up North Africa. This small region lies between the Sahara Desert in the south and the Mediterranean Sea. The Sahara Desert takes up most of the land. The only good farmland runs along the coastline. Now locate the Nile River. About 12,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers moved into t…

10 minute read

How Has History Affected the People of Sub-Saharan Africa? - Who Are the People of Sub-Saharan Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa is the area of Africa that is south of the Sahara Desert. It has four different regions—West Africa, East Africa, Central Africa, and Southern Africa. Each region has many different cultures and people. Almost two-thirds of the people in Sub-Saharan Africa are Bantu. The Bantu people belong to the same language group. They speak similar languages and have similar customs.…

24 minute read

Looking At KENYA - Where in the World Is Kenya?, What Is the Geography of Kenya?

Kenya is on the east coast of Africa. On the map, find the equator. It runs through the middle of the country. The equator explains the climate. Coastal areas have a tropical climate. The region has a lot of rain and is very hot. In the north and east, the land is arid, or very dry. Kenya shares borders with Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, and Tanzania. The Indian Ocean lies along the east …

17 minute read


Directions: Use a pencil to fill in the circle that has the same letter as the answer you have chosen. 1. Which is the most fertile area in Africa? Ⓐ Congo Basin Ⓑ Sahel Ⓒ Atlas Mountains Ⓓ Serengeti Plain 2. The process of deserts spreading into areas of fertile land is known as Ⓐ population growth. Ⓑ deforestation. Ⓒ desertification. Ⓓ geno…

2 minute read