Wöhler, Friedrich (1800–82), German chemist, the first to synthesize an organic substance (urea) from inorganic chemicals.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Willamette River to Yaoundé
Will-o'-the-wisp, or jack-o-lantern, blue light caused by the natural combustion of gas from decaying matter.
Willamette River, river located in west-central Oregon, between the Cascade and Coast mountains.
Willard, Emma Hart (1787–1870), first U.S. woman to publicly advocate higher education for women.
Willard, Frances Elizabeth Caroline (1838–98), U.S. educator, temperance leader, and social reformer.
Willemstad (pop. 100,000), city on the Caribbean island of Curaçao, capital of the Netherlands Antilles.
Willet, bird in the sandpiper family.
William, 4 kings of England. William I, or William the Conqueror (1027?–1087), duke of Normandy from 1035, became the first Norman king in 1066 by defeating Harold in the Battle of Hastings; he suppressed all opposition by 1071. William I was a harsh but capable ruler, reorganizing England's military and land-holding systems, building many castles, and creating a strong feudal govern…
William the Conqueror See: William.
William I (1772–1843), king of the Netherlands (1815–40) and son of William V, Prince of Orange and last governor of the Dutch Republic.
William I, prince of Orange (1533–84), founder of the present dynasty of the Netherlands.
William and Mary, College of, coeducational, state university in Williamsburg, Va.
William of Ockham (c. 1285–1349), also spelled Occam, English philosopher, member of the Franciscan order.
Williams, Daniel Hale (1856–1931), African-American surgeon and pioneer in the field of heart surgery.
Williams, Emlyn (1905–87), Welsh actor and playwright, noted for his semiautobiographical play The Corn is Green (1938) and for his concert readings from the works of Dylan Thomas and Charles Dickens.
Williams, Roger (c. 1603–83), church leader and founder of the colony of Rhode Island.
Williams, Roy Lee (1915–89), U.S. labor leader, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 1981–83.
Williams, Shirley (1930– ), English political leader.
Williams, Ted (Theodore Samuel Williams; 1918– ), U.S. baseball player.
Williams, Tennessee (Thomas Lanier Williams; 1911–83), U.S. playwright.
Williams, William (1731–1811), colonial politician from Connecticut, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Williams, William Carlos (1883–1963), U.S. poet.
Williamsburg (pop. 9,870), restored colonial city in southeastern Virginia on the James River.
Williamson, Hugh (1735–1819), U.S. scientist, doctor, and politician of the American Revolutionary period.
Willkie, Wendell Lewis (1892–1944), U.S. political leader.
Willow, common name for about 300 species of trees of the genus Salix, which occur from the tropics to the Arctic.
Willow herb See: Fireweed.
Wills, Helen Newington (1906–97), U.S. tennis player.
Wilmington (pop. 70,195), largest city in Delaware, seat of New Castle County, in the northern part of the state on the Delaware River.
Wilmot Proviso, congressional proposal to prohibit the extension of slavery into newly acquired U.S. territories.
Wilson, Angus (1913–91), English novelist and short-story writer who satirizes English class attitudes and social life.
Wilson cloud chamber, instrument that makes radiation visible and measurable.
Wilson, Edmund (1895–1972), U.S. critic and writer who investigated the historical, sociological, and psychological background to literature.
Wilson, Harold (1916–95), prime minister of Great Britain (1964–70, 1974–76).
Wilson, Henry (1812–75), U.S. senator from Massachusetts (1855–73), a founder of the Republican Party.
Wilson, James (1742–98), Scottish-born signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S.
Wilson, Lanford (1937– ), U.S. playwright.
Wilson, Woodrow (1856–1924), 28th president of the United States. Wilson's high intellectual qualifications and idealistic fervor made him a forceful leader. Wilson is considered one of the most successful U.S. presidents. His triumphs as a war leader during World War I and his eloquence in the cause of freedom made him the idol of millions around the world. His successes form a shar…
Wilt, condition where plants droop and wither due to lack of water in their cells.
Wimbledon See: Tennis.
Winch, device facilitating the hoisting or hauling of loads.
Winchester (pop. 93,700), English town, site of the famous 14th-century Winchester Cathedral, the longest church (556 ft/169 m) in England.
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717–68), German scholar, founder of archeology and art history.
Wind, body of air moving in relation to the earth's surface.
Wind Cave National Park, area of 28,292 acres (11,449 hectares) in the Black Hills in southwestern South Dakota.
Wind chill, index that determines the relative temperature, based on the effects of wind on exposed human flesh.
Wind instrument, any of the musical instruments whose sound is produced by blowing air into a tube, causing a vibration within it.
Wind tunnel, structure in which a controlled stream of air is produced in order to observe the effects on scale models or full-size components of airplanes, missiles, automobiles, or such structures as bridges and skyscrapers.
Windermere, lake in the northwestern Cumbria section of England, better known as the Lake District.
Windhoek (pop. 114,500), capital and largest city of Namibia, as well as its commercial, administrative, and communications center.
Windlass, compound machine made from a rope or chain wound around a cylinder shape attached to a crank.
Windmill, machine that performs work by harnessing wind power.
Window, building openings for air and light.
Windsor (pop. 262,100), city in southern Ontario, Canada, on the opposite bank of the Detroit River from Detroit, Mich.
Windsor, name of the ruling dynasty of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, adopted by King George V in 1917 to replace the royal family's German name, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (from Albert Wettin, Queen Victoria's husband), when anti-German feeling was high.
Windsor Castle, principal residence of British sovereigns since the 11th century.
Windsor, Duke of See: Edward.
Windsurfing, water sport in which an individual rides a sailboard, a surfboard with a central mast to which a sail is attached.
Windward Islands, group of islands in the Lesser Antilles, West Indies, stretching toward Venezuela.
Wine, alcoholic beverage made from fermented grape juice; wines made from other fruits are always named accordingly. Table wines are red, rosé, or white in color; red wines are made from dark grapes, the skins being left in the fermenting mixture; white wines may be made from dark or pale grapes, the skins being removed. The grapes—normally varieties of Vitis vinifera—are allo…
Winged bull, mythic beast of ancient Assyria, frequently appearing in paintings and statues.
Winged lion, mythic beast of ancient Babylonia and Assyria, represented in paintings and statues.
Winged Victory, Greek sculpture dated c.180 B.C. depicting Nike, the goddess of victory, bringing a message of victory from the gods.
Winnebago, Siouan-speaking Native Americans from eastern Wisconsin.
Winnemucca, Sarah, or Thoc-me-tony (“Shell Flower”; 1844?–91), U.S. advocate for Native American rights.
Winnetka Plan, system of individualized instruction introduced in the public elementary and junior high schools of Winnetka, Ill., in 1919.
Winnipeg (pop. 652,300), capital city of Manitoba, Canada, on the Red and Assiniboine rivers.
Winnipeg River, part of the Saskatchewan-Nelson river system that rises in western Ontario, Canada, and empties into Hudson Bay.
Winslow, Edward (1595–1655), one of the original settlers of Plymouth, Mass., who came from England on the Mayflower and served as governor of the colony for 3 years.
Winterberry, shrub in the holly family.
Wintergreen, plant in the heath family.
Winthrop, name of 3 distinguished American colonists.
Wire, length of metal that has been drawn out into a thread.
Wire glass, glass with wire mesh embedded in it to provide reinforcement for use in doors and windows.
Wirehaired pointing griffon, hunting dog first bred in the Netherlands in the late 1800s.
Wiretapping, interception of telephone conversations without the knowledge of those communicating.
Wireworm, larva of the click beetle, which is often a serious pest.
Wirz, Henry (d. 1865), Confederate army officer in the U.S.
Wisconsin, state in the Great Lakes region of north-central United States; considered a Midwestern state; bordered by Lake Superior and Michigan to the north, Lake Michigan to the east, Illinois to the south, and the Mississippi River (with Iowa and Minnesota on the opposite side), the St. Croix River, and Minnesota to the west. Wisconsin has five main land regions. The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands…
Wisconsin Dells See: Dalles.
Wisconsin River, longest river in Wisconsin, rising in the north near the Michigan border and flowing 430 mi (692 km) south and southwest to empty into the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Wisdom of Solomon, book of the Old Testament Apocrypha, traditionally ascribed to Solomon but probably written in the 2nd or 1st century B.C.
Wise, Isaac Mayer (1819–1900), religious leader, Jewish rabbi, and founder of the Reform Judaism movement in the United States.
Wise, Stephen Samuel (1874–1949), religious leader, Jewish rabbi, and author.
Wisteria, plant in the pea family.
Witch hazel, low tree or shrub (genus Hamamelis) growing in eastern North America and eastern Asia.
Witchcraft, manipulation of supernatural forces, usually toward evil ends.
Witenagemot, group of counselors to the Anglo-Saxon king.
Witherspoon, John (1723–94), Scottish-born American educator and clergyman who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
Witness, individual who testifies under oath in a legal proceeding or acts as a signer of a legal document.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1889–1951), Austrian philosopher whose two chief works, Tractatus Logico-philosophicus (1921) and the posthumous Philosophical Investigations (1953), have profoundly influenced the course of much British and U.S. philosophy.
Witwatersrand, or the Rand, gold-bearing rocky ridge in southern Transvaal, South Africa.
Wodehouse, P.G. (Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse; 1881–1975), English writer of humorous novels and short stories.
Woden See: Odin.
Wolcott, name of a prominent Connecticut family.
Wolf (Canis lupus), powerful carnivore ranging throughout the deciduous and coniferous forests and tundra of the Northern Hemisphere.
Wolfe, James (1727–59), British general whose capture of Quebec was the decisive victory in the last of the French and Indian Wars.
Wolfe, Thomas Clayton (1900–38), U.S. novelist whose works constitute an autobiographical epic.
Wolffish, fish belonging to the Anarhichadidae family that lives in the northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Wolfhound, family of hunting dogs consisting of three breeds.
Wolfram See: Tungsten.
Wolframite, brownish-black mineral derived from tungsten.
Wollongong (pop. 238,200), city located in the state of New South Wales on the southeast coast of Australia.
Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759–97), British author and feminist.
Wolsey, Thomas (1473?–1530), Roman Catholic cardinal and politician.
Wolverine (Gulo gulo), large terrestrial carnivore of the weasel family, weighing up to 54 lb (24.5 kg).
Wolverine State See: Michigan.
Woman's Relief Corps, National, U.S. patriotic organization.
Woman suffrage, women's lawful right to vote. Under the U.S. Constitution, states initially gave voting rights to land-holding white men only. By 1830, although all states had abolished property requirements for white men, no state allowed women to vote. In the 19th century, as a result of changing social conditions and new ideas about equality, the movement for woman suffrage took shape; h…
Wombat, heavy, stockily built, burrowing marsupial of Australia, closely related to the koala.
Women's American ORT, affiliate of ORT (Organization for Rehabilitation through Training), an international nonprofit agency established in 1880 to provide education and job skills to Jews in many countries throughout the world.
Women's Bureau, agency of the U.S.
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), U.S. organization seeking legislation against the consumption of alcohol.
Women's movements, organized attempts to achieve political, legal, economic, and social equality for women. Following the English common law, the U.S. legal system long assigned women a special and inferior status. Although the Constitution did not use the words “men” and “women” but always “people,” “persons,” and “citizens,…
Wonder, Stevie (Stevland Judkins, or Morris; 1950– ), U.S. composer, keyboard player, and singer of popular music, leading Motown musician of the 1970s. “Little Stevie Wonder”'s first recorded hit, “Fingertips,” became number 1 on the pop charts when he was 13.
Wood, hard, dead tissue obtained from the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs.
Wood alcohol See: Methanol.
Wood duck, bird belonging to the Anatidae family and found in the wet woodlands of southern Canada and the United States.
Wood, Grant (1891–1942), U.S. painter, exponent of the 1930s movement known as regionalism.
Wood ibis (Mycteria americana), large wading bird found in the swamps of South and Central America and the southern United States.
Wood louse, land-living crustacean.
Wood pewee, or Eastern pewee, woodland bird belonging to the flycatcher family.
Wood rat, or pack rat, any of 22 rat species belonging to the Cricetidae family and found in the mountains and deserts of North and Central America.
Wood sorrel See: Shamrock.
Woodcarving, old art form involving the chiseling of wood to create designs or figures.
Woodchuck, or groundhog (Marmota monax), familiar ground squirrel of the woodlands of North America.
Woodcock, large game bird of the snipe family.
Woodcock, Leonard (1911– ), U.S. labor leader, president of the United Automobile Workers (1970–77).
Woodcut and wood engraving, techniques for producing pictures by incising a design on a block of wood, inking the design, and then pressing the inked block onto paper.
Wooden horse See: Trojan War.
Wooden, John (1910– ), U.S. basketball player and coach.
Woodhull, Victoria Claflin (1838–1927), social reformer and first woman to run for the U.S. presidency (1872).
Woodpecker, one of the family Picidae of birds specialized in obtaining insects from the trunks and branches of trees.
Woods, Granville T. (1856–1910), black U.S. inventor.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, research center for marine science located at the southwest tip of Cape Cod, Mass.
Woodson, Carter Goodwin (1875–1950), U.S. historian and educator who popularized African-American studies and founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (1915), which trained African-American historians, collected historical documentation, and issued The Journal of Negro History.
Woodward, Robert Burns (1917–79), U.S. chemist who won the 1965 Nobel Prize for his contributions in the field of synthetic organic chemistry.
Woodworking, process of making objects from wood.
Wool, animal fiber that forms the fleece, or protective coat, of sheep. Coarser than most vegetable or synthetic fibers, wool fibers are wavy and vary in color from the usual white to brown or black. Wool is composed of the protein keratin, whose molecules are long, coiled chains, giving wool elasticity and resilience. Reactive side groups result in good affinity for dyes and enable new, desirable…
Woolf, Virginia (1882–1941), English novelist and essayist.
Woolly monkey, or woolly spider monkey, either of two species of monkey belonging to the New World monkey family and found in the Amazon rain forest.
Woolworth, name of two brothers who cofounded the F.W.
Worcester (pop. 436,905), city in central Massachusetts on the Blackstone River.
Word processing, use of electronic equipment to write, edit, and print documents.
Worden, Alfred Merrill (1932– ), U.S. astronaut who piloted the Apollo 15 command module on its journey to the moon.
Wordsworth, William (1770–1850), considered to be the greatest poet of the English romantic period.
Work, in physics, alternative name for energy, used particularly in discussing mechanical processes.
Worker's compensation, provision by employers of medical, cash, and sometimes rehabilitation benefits for workers who are injured in accidents at work.
Works Progress Administration See: New Deal.
World, term used in various ways to designate a comprehensive unity. The idea or concept of a world is ancient. Numerous cultures have proposed models for the unity of all things signified by the idea of a world. In its simplest form, the idea is suggested by the containment of a horizon, with a dome of sky above, and the ground of earth below. In pre-modern cultures, the idea of a world is never …
World Bank, officially the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, specialized agency of the United Nations, founded in 1945.
World Council of Churches, international association of about 300 Protestant, Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, and Old Catholic churches in some 90 countries.
World Court See: International Court of Justice.
World government, theoretical organization with the authority and power to maintain law order throughout the world.
World Health Organization (WHO), specialized agency of the United Nations founded in 1948 and based in Geneva.
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), international agency, part of the United Nations (UN), that protects the legal rights of intellectual property, such as inventions, trademarks, literary and artistic works, and other original ideas.
World Jewish Congress, international body, representing Jewish organizations from over 70 countries, whose goals are to maintain Jewish unity, culture, and religion.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in Geneva in 1951 to promote international meteorological observation and standardization.
World's fair, international exposition of science and technology, entertainment, and culture.
World Trade Center, twin towers (each 110 stories) rising 1,350 ft (411 m) over lower Manhattan in New York City.
World War I, global conflict waged from 1914 to 1918 that caused more destruction and involved more participants than any other conflict up to that time. The war's spread was facilitated by an interlocking system of military alliances that Europe had forged during the previous decades, ostensibly to keep the peace. These alliances comprised the Central Powers (primarily Germany and Austria-…
World War II, second global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 that involved civilian populations on an unprecedented scale. Military deaths probably amounted to some 17 million, but civilian deaths were undoubtedly much higher because of mass bombing of cities, starvation, epidemics, massacres, and other war-related causes. The parties to the conflict involved nearly every major power in the worl…
Worm, term used for any elongate, cylindrical invertebrate, such as the earthworm, roundworm, hairworm, or acorn worm.
Worms (pop. 71,827), city in southwestern Germany, situated on the Rhine River.
Worms, Edict of, civil decree issued at Worms, Germany, in 1521, denouncing religious reformer Martin Luther as a heretic, banning his writings, and calling for his capture.
Wormwood, group of herbs and shrubs in the composite family, found chiefly in arid regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
Worsted, type of yarn known for its strength and its smooth, shiny texture.
Wouk, Herman (1915– ), U.S. author of novels and plays.
Wounded Knee, Battle of, massacre by U.S. soldiers of more than 200 Sioux men, women, and children at Wounded Knee Creek, S.D., on Dec. 29, 1890, in the last major battle of the Indian Wars.
Wovoka (1858?–1932), also known as Jack Wilson, Nevada-born Paiute Native American who originated the ghost-dance religion practiced by Native Americans of the West.
WPA See: New Deal.
Wrangel Island, island belonging to Russia and located in the Arctic Ocean, about 90 miles north of Siberia.
Wren, name of several groups of small birds.
Wren, Sir Christopher (1632–1723), English architect, astronomer, mathematician.
Wrestling, in the West, sport in which 2 persons grapple and try to pin one another's shoulders to the floor by means of various holds.
Wright brothers, name of two U.S. inventors; designers and builders of the world's first successful airplane (1903). Inspired by the work of Otto Lilienthal, who did pioneering work with gliders in the 1890s, the Wrights, Wilbur (1867–1912) and Orville (1871–1948), conducted experiments with kites and gliders (1899–1902) to develop and test theories of control and lift.…
Wright, Frances (1795–1852), Scottish-born U.S. reformer for women's rights, public education, and the abolition of slavery.
Wright, Frank Lloyd (1869–1959), 20th-century U.S. architect.
Wright, Quincy (1890–1970), U.S. political scientist, an expert on international law.
Wright, Richard (1908–60), U.S. novelist and social critic.
Wrist, or carpus, particularly in humans, joint between the hand and forearm, along with the connecting 8 small carpal bones.
Writ, written order of a court of law.
Writ of assistance, general search warrant issued to customs officers by American colonial courts from 1751.
Writing, in business, career in such diverse areas astechnical writing, journalism, fiction and poetry, and screenplay and script writing.
Writing, visual representation of human language and other communication according to social convention.
Wroclaw (German: Breslau; pop. 640,700), city in southwestern Poland, capital of Wroclaw province; located in the region of Dolny lsk (Lower Silesia) on the Oder River.
Wryneck, jynx, or snakebird (genus Jynx), small, gray-brown, insect-eating bird of the Eastern Hemisphere, named for the snakelike hissing and movement of its head and neck when it is threatened.
Wu, Chien-shiung (1912?– ), U.S. experimental physicist.
Wuchang See: Wuhan.
Wuhan (pop. 3,750,000), city in east-central China comprised of the former cities of Hankou, Hanyang, and Wuchang.
Wundt, Wilhelm (1832–1920), German psychologist and philosopher.
Wyatt, Sir Thomas (15037–42), English poet of the early Renaissance.
Wycliffe, John (1328?–84), British religious reformer, created first English translation of the Latin Bible.
Wyeth, Andrew (1917– ), U.S. painter.
Wyler, William (1902–81), U.S. film director.
Wylie, Elinor (1885–1928), U.S. poet and novelist.
Wyoming, state in the Rocky Mountain region of northwestern United States; bordered by Montana to the north, South Dakota and Nebraska to the east, Colorado to the south, Utah to the south and west, and Utah, Idaho, and Montana to the west. Wyoming has the second-highest average elevation of any state (Colorado's is highest). Part of the Continental Divide runs northwest to southeast throug…
Wyoming Valley, valley in northeastern Pennsylvania and scene of a bloody battle during the Revolutionary War.
Wyoming Valley Massacre, event in the American Revolutionary War.
Wyss family, authors of and models for the famous children's story The Swiss Family Robinson.
Wyszynski, Stefan Cardinal (1901–81), Polish Catholic cardinal, archbishop of Warsaw, and primate of Poland.
Wythe, George (1726–1806), judge, friend of Thomas Jefferson and first U.S. law professor at the College of William and Mary (1779–90).
X, 24th letter of the English alphabet, corresponding to the 21st letter of the Latin alphabet, which was itself derived from a letter of the western subdivision of the ancient Greek alphabet representing the sound “ks.” The same letter in the eastern Greek alphabet represented “ch” or “kh,” and as such passed into the later Greek and Cyrillic alphabets.
X ray, type of radiation of higher frequency than visible light but lower than a gamma ray.
X and Y chromosomes, or sex chromosomes, cell nuclei that determine the sex of a person (as well as carrying some genetic information not related to sex determination).
Xavier, Saint Francis (Spanish: Francisco Javier; 1506–52), Spanish missionary.
Xenakis, Yannis (1922– ), Greek avant-garde composer who developed “stochastic” music using computer-programmed sequences based on mathematical probability, as in Métastaseis (1953–54) and Achorripsis (1958).
Xenon, chemical element, symbol Xe; for physical constants, see Periodic Table.
Xenophanes (570–480 B.C.), Greek poet and pre-Socratic philosopher.
Xenophon (431–355 B.C.), Greek soldier and author.
Xerography See: Photocopying.
Xerxes, name of two kings of ancient Persia.
Xhosa, group of related tribes (formerly called Kafir) predominantly living in Transkei, South Africa.
Xi Jiang (also Hsi Chiang), longest river of southern China.
Xiamen (pop. 588,000), Hsia-men, or Amoy, port city in Fujian province, southeastern China, located on Amoy and Ku-lang islands, on the Strait of Formosa at the mouth of the Chiu-lung Chiang (river). The city has a history of contact with Western nations, beginning in 1544 with the arrival of Portuguese traders, who were soon expelled. The port was visited by Dutch, Spanish, and British ships duri…
Xinjiang, large, northwestern province of China, bordered on the northwest by Kazachstan.
Xochimilco See: Lake Xochimilco.
Xunzi, or Hsun Tzu (340?–245? B.C.), Chinese philosopher.
Xylophone, percussion instrument consisting of a series of tuned wooden blocks set in a frame and struck with special hammers.
XYZ Affair, diplomatic incident that nearly led to open war between the United States and France in 1798.
Y, 25th letter of the English alphabet.
Yablonovyy Mountains, mountain range in Russia and northern Mongolia.
Yachts and yachting, popular international sport and pastime of racing or cruising in yachts.
Yahweh See: Jehovah.
Yak (Bos grunniens), shaggy ox of the high plateau of Tibet.
Yakima (pop. 188,823), city in south-central Washington state, seat of Yakima County, located on the Yakima River, at the eastern edge of Mt.
Yakima, Native Americans belonging to the Sahapin-Chinook language family.
Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), American-born English merchant who made a fortune in India (1670–99).
Yale, Linus, Jr. (1821–68), U.S. inventor and manufacturer of locks.
Yale University, U.S. university chartered in 1701 as the Collegiate School, first at Killingworth, Milford, and Saybrook, Conn., then (1716) at New Haven, Conn., its present site.
Yalow, Rosalyn Sussman (1921– ), U.S. medical researcher who shared the 1977 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for helping develop radioimmunoassay, a technique for measuring minute amounts of hormones, vitamins, or enzymes that could not be detected by other means.
Yalta (pop. 85,000), winter and health resort on the Black Sea, in southern Crimea, Ukraine.
Yalta Conference, meeting held near Yalta (Crimea, Ukraine), Feb. 4–11, 1945, between Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, representing the major Allied powers in World War II.
Yalu River (Chinese: Ya-Lu Chiang; Korean: Amnok-Kang), river forming most of the boundary between North Korea and Manchuria, China.
Yam (genus Dioscorea), plant of the yam family with a flowering vine and a large tuber, similar to a sweet potato but of a different botanical family.
Yam bean See: Jicama.
Yamamoto, Isoroku (1884–1943), commander of the Japanese fleet in World War II.
Yamasaki, Minoru (1912–86), U.S. architect.
Yamasee, Native Americans of the Muskogean language family.
Yamashita, Tomoyuki (1885–1946), Japanese army commander in World War II.
Yamato period, portion of Japanese history (c.A.D. 200–646) during which the imperial center was Yamato, the area around current-day Nara, near Osaka.
Yancey, William Lowndes (1814–63), U.S. proslavery politician and advocate of secession.
Yang, Chen Ning (1922– ), Chinese-born U.S. physicist who shared with Tsung Dao Lee the 1957 Nobel Prize in physics for their studies of violations of the conservation of parity.
Yangon (pop. 2,458,700; formerly Rangoon), capital, largest city, and chief port of Myanmar (Burma), on the Rangoon River.
Yangtze River, or Chang River, China's longest river.
Yank, World War II weekly magazine produced by U.S.
Yankee, slang term of uncertain origin, probably Dutch.
Yankee Doodle, song popular among American troops in the Revolutionary War.
Yaoundé, or Yaunde (pop. 649,000), capital city of Cameroon, located in the south-central part of the country between the Nyong and Sanaga rivers.