Williamsburg (pop. 9,870), restored colonial city in southeastern Virginia on the James River. The city, which was the capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1779, contains over 500 original or reconstructed 18th-century buildings, including the governor's palace and the capitol, in which the Virginia assembly met. Much of the restoration work, from 1926 onward, was undertaken by the philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Williamsburg is the site of William and Mary College, founded in 1693.
See also: Virginia.