Frank Lloyd Wright
Wright, Frank Lloyd (1869–1959), 20th-century U.S. architect. He studied engineering, joined the architect Louis Sullivan, and was influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement. His pioneering “prairie style” (Robie House; 1908–09)—strong, horizontal lines; low-pitched, hipped roofs; open plan; and change of internal levels—influenced De Stijl. He articulated massive forms clearly (Larkin Building, 1904) and, though he liked natural materials and locations, was innovative in his use of reinforced concrete, dramatic cantilevering, and screen walls (Kaufmann House, or Falling Water, 1936–37; Johnson's Wax Building, 1936–49; Guggenheim Museum, 1946–59).
See also: Architecture.