Water meter, device to measure the quantity of water flowing through a pipe or other channel.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Watermelon to Will
Water moccasin, also called cottonmouth or moccasin snake, poisonous snake in the viper family.
Water pipit See: Pipit.
Water plant, also called aquatic plant or hydrophyte, any of several plants classified as those that live on the surface or below the surface of water.
Water pollution, contamination to water systems as a direct result of the discharge of harmful products.
Water polo, game played in a swimming pool in which 2 teams try to pass or throw a ball into the opponent's goal.
Water power, energy obtained from flowing or falling water used to run machinery or create electrical power.
Water-skiing, sport in which a person wearing a pair of ski-like runners glides over water while being pulled by a motorboat moving at speeds of 15–35 mph (24–56 kmph).
Water snake, any of nearly 80 species of nonvenomous snakes of the genus Natrix, including the European grass snake.
Water softening, process of removing calcium and magnesium from hard water.
Water wheel, wheel that is turned by flowing water, providing power to operate a device.
Watermelon, plant (Citrullus vulgaris) and its edible fruit, with a thick rind, juicy pulp, and many seeds.
Waters, Ethel (1900–77), African-American singer and actress.
Waterspout, rotating column of air, or tornado, as it passes over water.
Watie, Stand (1806–71), Native American brigadier general in the Confederate Army.
Watson, James Dewey (1928– ), U.S. biochemist.
Watson, John Broadus (1878–1958), U.S. psychologist who founded behaviorism, which states that a person's behavior is a result of stimuli in his or her environment.
Watson, Thomas Edward (1856–1922), U.S. author and political leader from Georgia.
Watson, Thomas John (1874–1956), U.S. business executive and philanthropist.
Watson-Watt, Sir Robert Alexander (1892–1973), Scottish scientist and inventor.
Watt, James (1736–1819), Scottish engineer and inventor.
Watteau, Jean-Antoine (1684–1721), French draftsperson and painter, strongly influenced by Peter Paul Rubens.
Wattmeter, instrument that measures electric power in watts, kilowatts, or megawatts.
Watusi (Swahili: Watutsi), Tutsi people of Burundi and Rwanda in central Africa (formerly Ruanda-Urundi).
Waugh, name of 3 English writers, the sons and grandson of journalist and publisher Arthur Waugh (1886–1943).
Wave, in physics, energy that travels in rhythmical motions.
Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st earl (1883–1950), British field marshal.
Wax, moldable, water-repellent solid, of which there are several entirely different kinds. Animal waxes were the first known: Wool wax when purified yields lanolin; beeswax, from the honeycomb, is used for some candles and as a sculpture medium (by carving or casting); spermaceti wax, from the sperm whale, is used in ointments and cosmetics. Vegetable waxes, like animal waxes, are mixtures of este…
Wax myrtle, tree in bayberry or wax myrtle family.
Waxwing, any of 3 species of starling-sized birds (genus Bombycilla) named for the red, waxlike marks on their wings.
Wayne, Anthony (1745–96), American Revolutionary general whose daring tactics earned him the name “mad Anthony Wayne.” In 1779 he executed the brilliant victory of Stony Point over the British, and he was with Lafayette at the siege of Yorktown (1781).
Wayne, John (Marion Michael Morrison; 1907–79), U.S. film actor, known mostly for his tough hero roles.
Weakfish, or squeteague, any of a genus (Cynoscion) of saltwater fishes used for food, measuring 1–2 ft (30–61 cm) long or more.
Weapon, any device used to attack or defend.
Weasel, small, carnivorous mammal (Mustela nivalis) related to the skunk, wolverine, and mink.
Weather, variations in atmospheric conditions (temperature, precipitation, wind, humidity, air pressure, and cloudiness) experienced at a given place over a short period of time.
Weather Service, National, part of the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA), in the U.S.
Weather vane, instrument used to perceive the direction in which the wind is moving.
Weaver, Robert Clifton (1907– ), U.S. economist, and secretary of housing and urban development (HUD; 1966–68).
Weaverbird, small, seed-eating bird (family Ploceidae) of Africa and Asia.
Weaving, process of making a fabric by interlacing 2 or more sets of threads. In plain, or tabby, weave, 1 set of threads (the warp) extends along the length of the fabric; the other set (the woof, or weft) is at right angles to the warp and passes alternately over and under it. Other common weaves include twill, satin, and pile. In basic twill, woof threads pass over 2–4 warp threads, prod…
Webb, name of 2 English social reformers and economists.
Weber, Carl Maria von (1786–1826), German composer, pianist, and conductor who established the romantic opera and paved the way in Germany for Richard Wagner.
Weber, Max (1881–1961), U.S. painter.
Weber, Max (1864–1920), German economist and sociologist.
Webern, Anton (1883–1945), Austrian composer.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 1842 agreement between the United States and Great Britain.
Webster, Daniel (1782–1852), U.S. politician, lawyer, and orator whose advocacy of strong central government earned him the name “defender of the Constitution.” Early in his career he eloquently defended states' rights and championed New England's interests, first as a New Hampshire member of the House of Representatives (1813–17), and Massachusetts representative (1823–27) and senator (1827–41; 1845–50).
Webster, Noah (1758–1843), U.S. lexicographer whose works—such as The Elementary Spelling Book, called the “Blue-Backed Speller” (1829; earlier versions, 1783–87)—helped standardize American spelling.
Webster, William Hedgecock (1924– ), U.S. jurist and director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Weddell Sea, arm of the Atlantic Ocean in Antarctica between Palmer Land and Coats Land.
Wedding anniversary, celebration that takes place at the yearly return of an original wedding date.
Wedekind, Frank (1864–1918), German playwright and actor.
Wedge, device with 2 or more surfaces that slope and taper to a thin edge.
Wedgwood, Josiah (1730–95), English potter, inventor of Wedgwood ware.
Wedgwood ware, fine English pottery first created by Josiah Wedgwood (1730–95).
Weed, any plant that is useless or destructive, or that grows where it is not desired.
Weed, Thurlow (1797–1882), U.S. journalist and Whig political leader.
Weems, Mason Locke (1759–1825), U.S.
Weevil, any of 35,000 species of oval- or pear-shaped beetles (from the largest animal family, Curculionidae), having a greatly drawn-out head that ends in a pronounced snout.
Weight, gravitational force experienced by an object in relation to another massive body (planet).
Weight, Atomic See: Atom.
Weight control, method by which a person maintains a healthy weight.
Weight lifting, bodybuilding exercise and competitive sport.
Weightlessness, condition that arises in the apparent absence of gravitational pull.
Weights and measures, units of weight, length, area, and volume commonly used in the home, in commerce, and in industry. Although, like other early peoples, the Hebrews used measures such as the foot, the cubit (the length of the human forearm), and the span, which could easily be realized in practice by using parts of the body, in commerce they also used standard containers and weights. Later, we…
Weil, Simone (1909–43), French philosopher, religious mystic, and left-wing intellectual.
Weill, Kurt (1900–50), German-born U.S. composer.
Weimar (pop. 63,400), city in east-central Germany, on the Ilm River.
Weimar Republic, German government (1919–33) based on the democratic republican constitution adopted at Weimar in 1919.
Weimaraner, hunting dog developed in the early 19th century in Weimar, Germany.
Weinberg, Steven (1933– ), U.S. physicist who shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in physics for work demonstrating that 2 of the basic forces of nature, electromagnetism and weak interaction (the cause of radioactive decay in certain atomic nuclei), are aspects of a single interaction.
Weinberger, Caspar (1917– ), U.S. government official.
Weisgard, Leonard (1916– ), U.S. artist and children's book writer and illustrator.
Weismann, August (1834–1914), German biologist.
Weiss, Peter (1916–82), German-Swedish playwright, artist, and filmmaker.
Weizmann, Chaim (1874–1952), Polish-born scientist and Zionist leader, first president of Israel (1948–52).
Welding, process of bringing pieces of metal together under conditions of heat or pressure, or both, until they coalesce at the joint. The oldest method is forge welding, in which the surfaces to be joined are heated to welding temperature and then hammered together on an anvil. The most widely used method today is metal-arc welding: An electric arc is struck between an electrode and the pieces to…
Welfare, direct government aid to the needy.
Well, manmade hole in the ground used to tap water, gas, or minerals from the earth.
Welland Ship Canal, Canadian waterway running 27.6 mi (44.4 km) from Port Colborne on Lake Erie to Port Weller on Lake Ontario to form a major link of the Saint Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes Waterway.
Weller, Thomas Huckle (1915– ), U.S. bacteriologist and virologist who shared with John F.
Welles, Gideon (1802–78), U.S. secretary of the navy in Pres.
Welles, Orson (1915–85), U.S. actor, director, and producer.
Wellington (pop. 326,900), capital city of New Zealand since 1865, at the southern end of North Island.
Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of (1769–1852), British general and politician, “the Iron Duke,” who defeated Napoleon I at the Battle of Waterloo.
Wells-Barnett, Ida Bell (1862–1931), African-American reformer and journalist known for her anti-lynching efforts in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Wells, Fargo & Company, U.S. banking company.
Wells, Henry (1805–78), U.S. pioneer businessperson.
Welsbach, Baron von (1858–1929), Viennese chemist and inventor who worked on artificial lighting.
Welsh See: Wales.
Welsh corgi See: Cardigan Welsh corgi.
Welsh springer spaniel, breed of dog.
Welsh terrier, small dog native to Wales, used to hunt foxes.
Welty, Eudora (1909– ), U.S. novelist and short-story writer, known for sensitive tales of Mississippi life.
Welwitschia, also known as tumboa, family of desert plants (Welwitschia mirabilis) that grow in Africa.
Wen, or sebaceous cyst, blocked sebaceous gland, often over the scalp or forehead, that forms a cyst containing old sebum under the skin.
Werewolf, in folklore, a man who can supernaturally turn into a wolf and devour humans.
Werfel, Franz (1890–1945), Austrian novelist, poet, and playwright.
Wergeland, Henrik Arnold (1808–45), Norwegian writer and nationalist.
Wertheimer, Max (1880–1943), German psychologist who founded (with Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Köhler) the school of Gestalt psychology.
Weser River, major German river whose source is the junction of the Fulda and Werra rivers at Munden.
Wesker, Arnold (1932– ), English playwright, one of the so-called angry young men to emerge in England in 1956.
Wesley, name of 2 English evangelistic preachers who, with George Whitefield, founded Methodism.
Wesleyan Church, U.S.
West, The, western portion of the United States, formerly the region west of the Appalachian Mountains; presently, the territory west of the Mississippi River, in particular the northern part of this area.
West Bank, land to the west of the Dead Sea and the Jordan River, between Israel and Jordan. A part of Palestine, the area was annexed by Jordan following the partition of Palestine and the formation of the state of Israel (1948). It has been occupied by Israel since 1967, despite a call for withdrawal from the United Nations. Historically known as Judaea and Samaria, the West Bank contains such f…
West, Benjamin (1738–1820), U.S.-born painter.
West Berlin See: Berlin.
West, Dame Rebecca (Cicily Isabel Fairfield; 1892–1983), British novelist, critic, and journalist.
West Germany See: Germany.
West Highland white terrier, small, white Scottish dog.
West Indies, chain of islands extending about 2,500 mi (4,020 km) from Florida to Venezuela, separating the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico from the Atlantic Ocean. An alternative name (excluding the Bahamas) is the Antilles. The West Indies comprises 4 main groups: the Bahamas to the northeast of Cuba and Hispaniola; the Greater Antilles (Cuba, the largest island in the West Indies, Hispanio…
West, Jerry (1938– ), U.S. basketball player and coach.
West, Jessamyn (1907–84), U.S. author.
West, Mae (1892–1980), U.S. stage and screen actress.
West, Nathanael (Nathan Wallenstein Weinstein; 1903–40), U.S. author.
West Point, site of, and common name for, the U.S.
West Virginia, state in east-central United States; bordered by Pennsylvania and Maryland to the northeast, Virginia to the east and south, Kentucky to the southwest, and the Ohio River (with Ohio on the opposite side) to the west and northwest. West Virginia has three main land areas. A tiny strip at the state's northeastern corner is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains, a region of fertile s…
Western Australia, largest Australian state (975,290 sq mi/2,527,633 sq km), first settled 1826–29, covering the western third of the country.
Western European Union (WEU), defensive economic, social, and cultural alliance among Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Germany, formed in 1955.
Western frontier life, folklore and reality of the lives of the men and women who participated in the last phase of the settlement of the U.S. frontier. The western territories of the United States were settled in several stages. After pioneers had settled lands from the Appalachians to the Mississippi and the Old Northwest territory around the Great Lakes, they headed for the Far West, chiefly Ca…
Western Isles See: Hebrides.
Western Reserve, northeastern region of Ohio on the south shore of Lake Erie.
Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, area in northwest Africa, comprising 100,848 sq mi (252,120 sq km) of mainly desert; bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, Morocco in the north, Algeria in the northeast, and Mauritania in the east and south.
Western Samoa, officially the Independent State of Western Samoa, independent state in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, comprising 2 large islands, Savai'i and Upolu, and 7 smaller islands, only 2 of which are inhabited. Its area is 1,133 sq mi (2,934 sq km). Most of the islands are mountainous, volcanic, forested, and fertile. The climate is rainy and tropical. The people are Polynesian, an…
Western Union, shortened name for Western Union Telegraph Company, U.S. communications company.
Westinghouse, George (1846–1914), U.S. engineer, inventor, and manufacturer.
Westminster Abbey, officially the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter, English Gothic church in London, a national shrine.
Westminster Choir, U.S. chorus founded at Dayton Westminster Church, Ohio, in 1921, and since 1932 a part of Westminster Choir College, Princeton, N.J.
Westminster Hall, building that serves as an entranceway to Britain's House of Parliament (Westminster Palace) in London.
Westminster, Statute of (1931), British parliamentary act abolishing Great Britain's power to legislate for its dominions.
Westmoreland, William Childs (1914– ), U.S. general, army chief of staff (1968–72).
Weston, Edward (1886–1958), U.S. photographer, winner of the Guggenheim Fellowship (1937).
Westphalia (German, “western plain”), region in Germany, located just east of the Netherlands.
Westward movement, in the United States, events and conditions comprising the several major migrations by which the country was settled. The exploration and settlement of the U.S. frontier was an ongoing process that began with the first communities founded on the Atlantic seaboard in the 17th century and ended in the 1890s with the settlement of the Great Plains between the Mississippi River and …
Wetland, area of land where the earth is continuously saturated with water.
Weymouth (pop. 55,601), city on Massachusetts Bay, southeast of Boston.
Whale, one of the order Cetacea of large, wholly aquatic mammals. All are highly adapted for life in water, with a torpedo-shaped body, front limbs reduced and modified as steering paddles, and hind limbs absent. They have a tail of 2 transverse flukes and swim by up-and-down movements of this tail. Most species have a fleshy dorsal fin that acts as a stabilizer. The neck is short, the head flowin…
Whaling, hunting of whales, originally for oil, meat, and baleen (whalebone), practiced since the 10th century. The Basques and Dutch hunted from land and pioneered methods of flensing (stripping of blubber) and boiling whale meat. U.S. whaling started in the 1600s, and whaling ports such as Nantucket and New Bedford, Mass., grew to great size in the 1700s. Whaling became safer for the hunters aft…
Wharton, Edith (1862–1937), U.S. novelist, poet, and short-story writer.
Wheat, cereal plant (genus Triticum) of the grass family, the world's main cereal crop; about 300 million tons are produced every year, mostly used to make flour for bread and pasta.
Wheatley, Phillis (1753?–84), U.S. poet.
Wheatstone bridge, electric circuit used for comparing or measuring resistance.
Wheatstone, Sir Charles (1802–75), British physicist and inventor.
Wheel and axle, disklike mechanical device consisting of a wheel mounted on an axle of smaller diameter; the wheel and axle turn on the same axis.
Wheelbarrow, boxlike device used to move small loads.
Wheeler, Burton Kendall (1882–1975), U.S. senator from Montana (1923–47).
Wheeler, Earle Gilmore (1908–75), U.S.
Wheeler, William Almon (1819–87), vice president of the United States from 1877 to 1881.
Wheeling (pop. 159,301), city in northern West Virginia, located on the Ohio River.
Wheelwright, William (1798–1873), U.S. businessperson and promoter who opened the first steamship line between South America and Europe.
Whelk, spiral-shelled sea snail found worldwide.
Whetstone, natural or artificial abrasive stone used for sharpening and grinding tools.
Whig Party, English and U.S. political party. In England the term was applied in 1679 to Protestant opponents of the English Crown. The Whigs enjoyed a period of dominance c.1714–60, notably under Robert Walpole. Largely out of office when led by Charles James Fox, they were increasingly associated with Nonconformism, mercantile, industrial, and reforming interests. After the Whig ministrie…
Whip, in U.S. and British politics, party member of a legislative body chosen to enforce party discipline in attendance and voting.
Whiplash, cervical sprain, or neck injury.
Whippet, greyhoundlike dog possessing great speed.
Whipple, Abraham (1733–1819), naval officer noted for his successes in the American Revolutionary War.
Whipple, William (1730–85), colonial politician from New Hampshire.
Whippoorwill, nocturnal North American bird (Caprimulgus vociferus) known for its odd, deliberate call.
Whirlaway (1938–53), U.S.
Whirligig See: Water beetle.
Whirlpool, rotary current in water.
Whiskey, strong, distilled spirituous liquor made from grain.
Whiskey Rebellion (1794), uprising of mainly Scotch-Irish farmers of western Pennsylvania against the federal excise tax imposed on whiskey by U.S.
Whiskey Ring, U.S. scandal exposed in 1875.
Whistle, device used for signaling, consisting of a tube with a sharp edge or lip that makes a sound when air or steam is blown through it.
Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903), U.S. artist.
White, U.S. family including father and son journalists: William Allen (1868–1944) and William Lindsay (1900–73).
White See: Color.
White, Andrew Dickson (1832–1918), U.S. educator and diplomat.
White ant See: Termite.
White, Byron Raymond (1917- ), U.S.
White, E(lwyn) B(rooks) (1899–1985), U.S. writer noted for his witty, well-crafted essays in The New Yorker magazine.
White, Edward Douglass (1845–1921), ninth chief justice of the U.S.
White, Edward Higgins, II (1930–67), U.S. astronaut.
White-eye, common name for about 85 species of small birds (family Zosteropidae) of the Old World tropics that have a white ring around each eye.
White House, official home of the president of the United States, in Washington, D.C.
White House conference, extended meeting called by the U.S. president in which professional experts, community leaders, and other individuals discuss a specified topic.
White House hostesses, women who act as hostesses for guests of the U.S. president in place of his wife.
White Mountains, section of the Appalachian Mountains covering about 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km) in northern New Hampshire and western Maine.
White paper, British government report or policy statement on an important issue.
White, Patrick (1912–90), Australian novelist, winner of the 1973 Nobel Prize in literature.
White, Paul Dudley (1886–1973), U.S. physician, prominent cardiologist.
White, Peregrine (1620–1703), first U.S. colonist born in New England.
White Sands Missile Range, main U.S.
White Sea, arm of the Arctic Ocean, called Beloye More in the Soviet Union.
White, Stanford (1853–1906), U.S. architect and painter in the firm of McKim, Mead & White, a renowned architectural firm.
White Sulphur Springs (pop. 3,371), health resort in West Virginia known for its mineral springs, located 120 mi (193 km) east of the state capital, Charleston.
White, T(erence) H(anbury) (1906–64), English novelist, noted for The Once and Future King (4 vol., 1939–58), a retelling of the legends of King Arthur, and The Goshawk (1951).
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), North American deer named for its long white tail, raised as a danger signal when the deer is alarmed.
White walnut See: Butternut.
White, Walter Francis (1893–1955), U.S. author and a secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1931–55).
Whitefish, important freshwater food fish found in the northern regions of North America, Europe, and Asia.
Whitefly, any of a family (Aleyrodidae) of small insects related to the scale insects.
Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947), English mathematician and philosopher.
Whitehorse (pop. 15,200), capital of the Yukon Territory, located on the west bank of the Yukon River, 111 mi (179 km) north of Skagway, Alaska.
Whiteman, Paul (1891–1967), U.S. orchestra leader known as the “King of Jazz.” He introduced a personal style called “symphonic jazz.” Whiteman encouraged George Gershwin to compose Rhapsody in Blue (1924).
Whitman, Marcus (1802–47), U.S. physician and Presbyterian missionary who established settlements in the Pacific Northwest and encouraged emigration to Oregon.
Whitman Mission National Historic Site , landmark in southeastern Washington state, near Walla Walla, site of the first mission school in the Pacific Northwest.
Whitman, Walt (1819–92), major U.S. poet.
Whitney, Eli (1765–1825), U.S. inventor of the cotton gin (1793) and pioneer of mass production.
Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt (1875–1942), U.S. sculptor.
Whitney, John Hay (1904–82), U.S. diplomat and publisher.
Whittier, John Greenleaf (1807–92), U.S. poet born in Haverhill, Mass., to a Quaker family.
WHO See: World Health Organization.
Whooping cough, or pertussis, contagious bacterial disease of children causing upper respiratory symptoms, with a characteristic whoop or inspiratory noise due to inflammation of the larynx.
Whooping crane (Grus americana), white wading bird with a red cap on its head.
Wichita (pop. 311,700), city in Kansas, located on the Chisholm Trail.
Wichita Falls (pop. 122,378), city in Texas, located on the Wichita River.
Wicker, material woven from flexible plant fiber or willow twigs.
Wiclif, John See: Wycliffe, John.
Widgeon See: Wigeon.
Wien See: Vienna.
Wiener, Norbert (1894–1964), U.S. mathematician noted for his contributions to computer science.
Wiesbaden (pop. 261,800), city in southwestern Germany, capital of the German state of Hesse.
Wiesel, Elie (1928– ), Romanian-born U.S. novelist.
Wiesel, Torsten Nils (1924– ), Swedish neurobiologist who shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his research on the brain's processing of visual information.
Wiesenthal, Simon (1908– ), Austrian hunter of Nazi war criminals.
Wig, covering for the head of real or artificial hair, worn as a cosmetic device, as a mark of rank or office, as a disguise, or for theatrical portrayals.
Wigeon, duck in the family Anatidae.
Wiggin, Kate Douglas (1856–1923), U.S. author and educator.
Wight, Isle of, diamond-shaped island, 147 sq mi (381 sq km), off the southern coast of England.
Wigner, Eugene Paul (1902–95), Hungarian-born U.S. physicist who worked with Enrico Fermi to produce the first nuclear chain reaction in 1942.
Wigwam, kind of dwelling used by Algonquian-speaking Native Americans in the eastern part of North America.
Wilberforce, Samuel (1805–73), English priest of the Anglican church.
Wilbur, Richard (1921– ), U.S. poet and essayist.
Wild barley, plant in the grass family.
Wild canary See: Goldfinch.
Wild carrot, also called Queen Anne's lace, plant (Daucus carota) in the parsley family.
Wild rice (Zizania aquatica), aquatic plant of the grass family, native to the lakes and streams of North America; also, the cereal grain harvested from the plant.
Wildcat, name given generally to any small or medium-sized wild cat, such as the Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) and bobcat (L. rufus), which are found in North America.
Wildcat bank, any of numerous unsound state-chartered U.S. banks that issued paper money (wildcat currency) without having adequate assets (1830–63).
Wilde, Oscar (1854–1900), Irish author.
Wildebeest See: Gnu.
Wilder, Billy (1906– ), Austrian-born U.S. screenwriter and film director.
Wilder, Laura Ingalls (1867–1957), U.S. children's author best known for her series of 9 popular autobiographical novels, including Little House on the Prairie (1935), depicting pioneer life in the Midwest.
Wilder, Thornton Niven (1897–1975), U.S. novelist and playwright.
Wilderness, Battle of the, opening engagement—fought May 5–6, 1864, in central Virginia, 10 mi (16 km) west of Fredericksburg—of the Wilderness Campaign in the U.S.
Wilderness Road, early U.S. pioneer route.
Wildlife conservation, organized supervision of the environment that protects the native plant and animal life.
Wilhelm, name of 2 German emperors: Wilhelm I (1797–1888) and Wilhelm II (1859–1941).
Wilhelmina (1880–1962), Queen of the Netherlands (1890–1948), having acceded to the throne after the death of her father, King William III.
Wilkes-Barre (pop. 51,551), city in northeastern Pennsylvania in the Wyoming valley along the Susquehanna River.
Wilkes, Charles (1798–1877), U.S. naval officer.
Wilkins, Maurice Hugh Frederick (1916– ), British biophysicist.
Wilkins, Roy (1901–81), U.S. civil rights leader and executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1955 to 1970.
Will, legal document by which a person (the testator) gives instructions concerning the disposal of his or her property (bequest, or legacy) after death.