Sámos, one of the Sporades islands, southeastern Greece, in the Aegean Sea, separated from Turkey by the Sámos Strait.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Sade, Marquis de to Satire
Sánchez, George Isidore (1906–72), U.S. educator and spokesman for educational reform in the Spanish community.
São Paulo (pop. 9,480,400), largest city and industrial center of Brazil; capital of São Paulo state, it lies 225 mi (362 km) southwest of Rio de Janeiro.
São Tomé and Príncipe, republic in the Gulf of Guinea, off the west coast of Africa, comprising 2 main islands and several islets; total area is 372 sq mi (964 sq km). The capital, São Tomé, lies 190 mi (306 km) west of Libreville, Gabon. São Tomé Island accounts for almost 90% of the country's area and holds about 90% of its po…
Saône River, waterway of eastern France.
Sade, Marquis de (Comte Donatien Alphonse Françis de Sade; 1740–1814), French soldier and writer.
Sadi See: Saadi.
Safdie, Moshe (1938– ), Israeli architect.
Safety, protection from harm, injury, or loss.
Safety lamp, oil-burning lamp used in coal mines that indicates the presence of explosive methane gas without igniting it.
Safety valve, relief device that automatically opens to allow excess pressure to escape.
Safflower, thistlelike herb (Carthamus tinctorius) that grows in most warm regions.
Saffron, purple-flowered Asian crocus (Crocus sativus) of the iris family; also, the yellow dye extracted from it.
Saga, epic narrative, in prose or verse, of Old Norse literature (11th to mid-14th century).
Sagan, Carl Edward (1934–96), U.S. astronomer, educator, and popular science writer.
Sagan, Françoise (Francoise Quoirez; 1935– ), French novelist best known for the precocious and highly successful Bonjour Tristesse (1954), written when she was 18, and A Certain Smile (1956), both of which deal with the disillusion of gilded youth.
Sage, aromatic herb or shrub of the mint family.
Sage, Russell (1816–1906), U.S. financier who amassed a fortune from the wholesale grocery, railroad, and other businesses.
Sagebrush, small aromatic shrub (genus Artemisia) of the composite family, native to the plains and mountains of western North America.
Sagebrush State See: Nevada.
Saginaw (pop. 77,508), city in southern Michigan, seat of Saginaw County, located on the Saginaw River about 85 mi (137 km) northwest of Detroit.
Sago, starch derived from the coontie or sago palm.
Saguaro, or giant cactus (Cereus giganteus or Carnegiea gigantea), large member of the cactus family native to the deserts of the U.S.
Sahara Desert, largest desert in the world, covering about 3,500,000 sq mi (9,065,000 sq km) of North Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, about 3,000 mi (4,830 km) by 1,200 mi (1,930) north to south.
Sahel, semiarid region south of the Sahara Desert, extending across north-central Africa from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east.
Saigon See: Ho Chi Minh City.
Sailfish, food and game fish of the family Istiophoridae, related to the marlin and swordfish.
Sailing, popular pastime or sport involving the navigation of a boat powered primarily by wind. The earliest known sailing vessels evolved in the Mediterranean region, particularly among the Upper Nile dwellers of ancient Egypt. These sailboats had a mast with 1 sail hung from a fixed yardarm. The Chinese developed the movable yardarm, which allowed vessels to sail with the wind across their bows …
Saint, in Christian theology, person preeminent for holiness.
Saint Andrews (pop. 16,000), town in eastern Scotland on the North Sea, in the district of Fife, between the firths of Forth and Tay.
Saint Augustine (pop. 11,985), city, seat of St.
Saint Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of, the killing of French Huguenots (Protestants) by Roman Catholics, beginning in Paris on Aug. 24, 1572.
Saint Bernard, breed of large, stout dog developed as a rescue dog at the Alpine monastery of St.
Saint Bernard Passes, routes through the Alps.
Saint Christopher and Nevis, officially St.
Saint Clair, Arthur (1743–1818), U.
Saint Cloud (pop. 190,921), city in central Minnesota, seat of Stearns County, located on the Mississippi River about 70 mi (110 km) northwest of Minneapolis.
Saint Croix, largest island of the U.S.
Saint Denis, Ruth (Ruth Dennis; 1878?–1968), U.S. dancer, choreographer, and teacher, whose work strongly influenced modern dance.
Saint Elias Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, in eastern Alaska and the southwestern Yukon Territory, Canada.
Saint Elmo's fire, glowing electrical discharge seen at the tips of tall, pointed objects—e.g., church spires, ship masts, and airplane wings—in stormy weather.
Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de (1900–44), French aviator and author.
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus (1848–1907), U.S. sculptor famed for his heroic public monuments, including Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln Park, Chicago), the Robert G.
Saint George Island See: Pribilof Islands.
Saint George's (pop. 7,500), capital, chief port, and industrial center of Grenada, in the West Indies.
Saint-Germain, Treaty of, treaty signed by the United States and other World War I Allies and the Republic of Austria in France (1919–20), limiting Austrian powers and redistributing some of the lands of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Saint Helena, British island (47 sq mi/122 sq km) in the South Atlantic Ocean, 1,200 mi (1,931 km) west of Africa.
Saint Helens, Mount See: Mount Saint Helens.
Saint James's Palace, former royal residence (1698–1837), London, England, situated in Pall Mall.
Saint John (pop. 76,381), city in eastern Canada, located in southern New Brunswick on the Bay of Fundy, at the mouth of the St.
Saint John River, tributary (418 mi/673 km long) that rises in northwestern Maine and flows northeast to New Brunswick, where it makes up about 80 mi (129 km) of the U.S.-Canadian border.
Saint John's (pop. 96,216), largest city and capital of Newfoundland, Canada, situated on a well-protected harbor near the Grand Banks.
Saint-John's-wort, name generally given to over 400 species of low shrubs of the family Hypericaceae, native to temperate and tropical regions.
Saint Joseph (pop. 83,083), city in northwest Missouri, located on the east bank of the Missouri River about 55 mi (88.5 km) northwest of Kansas City.
Saint Kitts See: Saint Christopher and Nevis.
Saint Laurent, Louis Stephen (1882–1973), prime minister of Canada (1948–57).
Saint Lawrence River, largest tributary in Canada, flowing 744 mi (1,197 km) northeast from Lake Ontario to the Gulf of St.
Saint Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes Waterway, U.S./Canadian inland waterway for oceangoing vessels connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean, and comprising a system of natural waterways, canals, locks, dams, and dredged channels (including the Welland Ship Canal) 2,342 mi (3,769 km) long.
Saint Louis (pop. 383,700), city in eastern Missouri, on the Mississippi River.
Saint Lucia, independent West Indies island nation (238 sq mi/616 sq km) in the Windward Islands in the Caribbean Sea. St. Lucia, 27 mi (43 km) long and 14 mi (23 km) wide, is of volcanic origin with 1 active volcano. The terrain is hilly, with Morne Gimie reaching 3,145 ft (959 m), and the interior is covered with tropical rain forests. The average annual temperature is 79°F (26°C).…
Saint Mark, Basilica of, cathedral in Venice, Italy, named for the city's patron saint.
Saint Marys River, river on the border between Ontario and Michigan that drains Lake Superior, then flows less than 70 mi (110 km) to empty into Lake Huron.
Saint Moritz (pop. 5,263), alpine resort town in southeastern Switzerland, Graubünden (Grisons) canton.
Saint Nicholas, Feast of, festival on Dec. 6 in honor of a 4th-century bishop of Asia Minor.
Saint Patrick's Cathedral, largest U.S.
Saint Patrick's Day, March 17, celebrated as the anniversary of the death (c.A.D. 461) of Patrick, Ireland's patron saint.
Saint Paul (pop. 270,230), capital of Minnesota and seat of Ramsay County, located in the eastern part of the state on the Mississippi River.
Saint Peter's Church, or Saint Peter's Basilica, church in Vatican City, Rome.
Saint Petersburg (pop. 249,900), city on the central west coast of Florida, situated on the Pinellas peninsula opposite Tampa, on Tampa Bay of the Gulf of Mexico.
Saint Petersburg See: Leningrad.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, groups of French islands in the Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland.
Saint-Saëns, Camille (1835–1921), French composer.
Saint-Simon, Comte de (Claude Henri de Rouvroy; 1760–1825), French philosopher and early socialist.
Saint Sophia See: Hagia Sophia.
Saint Thomas, mountainous, heavily cultivated, tropical island (32 sq mi/83 sq km) of the U.S.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, island nation in the West Indies, part of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean Sea, part of the British Commonwealth. The principal island, St. Vincent (133 sq mi/344 sq km), is of volcanic origin, with a forested, mountainous spine running down the center of the island. It reaches 4,000 ft (1,219 m) at Soufrière, an active volcano peak that erupted in 197…
Saint Vitus's dance See: Chorea.
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, village and Roman Catholic shrine in Mont-morency County, southern Quebec, Canada, on the St.
Saintpaulia See: African violet.
Saipan, island, capital of the Northern Mariana Islands and headquarters of the U.S.
Sake, or saki, alcoholic drink made from fermented rice.
Sakhalin (formerly Saghalien), Russian island off the coast of eastern Siberia, in the Sea of Okhotsk, north of the Japanese island of Hokkaido.
Sakharov, Andrei Dmitriyevich (1921–90), Soviet physicist and human-rights proponent.
Saki See: Munro, Hector Hugh.
Saladin (1138–93), Muslim ruler and warrior who fought against the Crusaders.
Salamander, tailed amphibian (order Vrodela) related to frogs and toads.
Salamis, or Koulouri (Greek, “baker's crescent”), Greek island in the Saronic Gulf (arm of the Aegean Sea between Attica and the Peloponnisos), about 10 mi (16 km) west of Athens.
Salazar, António de Oliveira (1889–1970), dictator of Portugal (1932–68).
Salem (pop. 38,264), manufacturing city in northeast Massachusetts, seat of Essex County, on an inlet of Massachusetts Bay.
Salem (pop. 278,024), capital and third-largest city of Oregon, in the fertile Willamette Valley about 50 mi (80.5 km) south of Portland.
Salem, Peter (1750?–1816), former black slave, American Revolutionary soldier.
Salem witchcraft trials, trials held in Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony, in 1692, as a result of hysteria.
Salerno (pop. 147,500), city and tourist center in Campania, on the Gulf of Salerno in southern Italy.
Sales, Saint Francis de See: Francis de Sales, Saint.
Salic law, from the 14th century, law to prevent women and those descended from female lines from inheriting the throne and other titles and offices.
Salicylic acid (C7H6O3), white crystalline solid made from phenol and carbon dioxide.
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos (1948– ), president of Mexico (1988–94).
Salinger, J(erome) D(avid) (1919– ), U.S. author.
Salisbury, or New Sarum (pop. 102,500), town in Wiltshire, southern England, 80 mi (130 km) southwest of London.
Salish, group of Native American tribes of the U.S.
Saliva, watery secretion of the salivary glands, partly controlled by the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system, that lubricates the mouth and chewed food and begins the breakdown of starches in the digestive process.
Salivary glands See: Saliva.
Salk, Jonas Edward (1914–95), U.S. physician and microbiologist.
Salmon, large, silver, soft-finned game and food fish of the family Salmonidae.
Salmonellosis, common type of food poisoning caused by the Salmonella bacteria.
Salome (fl. 1st century A.D.), daughter of Herodias and stepdaughter of Herod Antipas (governor of Galilee), described in the New Testament (Matthew 14:6–12, Mark 6:22–28).
Salomon, Haym (1740–85), Polish-born U.S. financier, patriot, founder of the first Philadelphia synagogue.
Salon, reception hall or drawing room often used for gatherings of society figures, intellectuals, politicians, or artists and their work.
Salonika (pop. 396,300), port city in northern Greece, on the Salonika Gulf, established c.316 B.C., by the Macedonian king Cassander.
Salpiglossis See: Painted-tongue.
Salsify, or oyster plant (Tragopogon porrifolius), purple flowering plant of the composite family whose edible root has a flavor similar to oysters.
SALT See: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
Salt, common name for sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound with an equal number of sodium ions (+) and chlorine ions (−).
Salt, chemical, compound that is formed by a chemical reaction between an acid and a base.
Salt Lake See: Great Salt Lake.
Salt Lake City (pop. 1,100,000), capital of Utah, seat of Salt Lake County, on the Jordan River in north-central Utah, near the Great Salt Lake.
Salter, Susanna Madora (1860–1961), first woman to be elected mayor of a U.S. town (Argonia, Kans.; 1887).
Salton Sea, large saline lake in southeastern California.
Saltpeter, or potassium nitrate (KNO3), chemical compound occurring as a colorless crystal or white powder.
Salts, any of various chemical salts used as agents for cleansing the intestines or as laxatives.
Saluda Dam, large, earth-filled dam on the Saluda River, near Columbia, S.C.
Saluki, lean, fast-running working hound first bred c.5000 B.C. in Arabia and Egypt to hunt gazelle.
Salute, formal greeting to honor another person, flag or nation, done by raising the hand to the head, by firing guns or presenting arms.
Salvador, or Bahia (pop. 2,056,000), third largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Salvage, in maritime law, either the rescue of life and property (a ship and its cargo) from danger on water or the reward given by a court to those who effect a rescue (called salvors).
Salvation Army, nonsectarian, Christian organization founded in London as the Revival Society by William Booth (1865).
Salvia, any of various plants (genus Salvia) of the mint family, that thrive in tropical climates.
Salween River, or Salwin River, river in eastern Burma, originating in eastern Tibet and flowing south 1,500 mi (2,400 km) to empty into the Bay of Bengal.
Salzburg (pop. 143,900), historic city in central Austria, on the Salzbach River.
Samaria, city in ancient central Palestine built by King Omri c.800 B.C. as the capital of northern Israel; also, the region surrounding the city.
Samaritans, members of a religious sect residing in the ancient district of Samaria, central Palestine.
Samarium, chemical element, symbol Sm; for physical constants see Periodic Table.
Samarkand (pop. 370,000), city in and former capital of Uzbekistan, central Asia.
Samnites, ancient tribe of the mountains of southern Italy who fought 3 wars with the Romans (343–341 B.C., 316–304 B.C., 298–290 B.C.) before being conquered and almost totally destroyed.
Samoa, chain of 10 islands and several islets in the South Pacific, midway between Honolulu and Sydney.
Samoset (1590?–1655), Pemaquid chief who welcomed, assisted, and became a staunch friend of the Plymouth Pilgrims.
Samothrace, mountainous Greek island in the northeastern Aegean Sea.
Samoyed, strong working dog of northern Siberia used to pull sleds and oversee reindeer herds.
Sampras, Pete (1971– ), U.S. tennis player, youngest ever to win the men's singles title in the United States Open tennis tournament (1990).
Sampson, Deborah (1760–1827), schoolteacher from Plympton, Mass., who disguised herself as a man to fight in the Revolutionary War.
Sampson, William Thomas (1840–1902), U.S. admiral, commander of the North Atlantic Squadron in the Spanish-American War.
Samson, in the Bible, hero in ancient Israel known for his extraordinary strength, which came from his long hair.
Samuel, Books of, Old Testament books (known to Catholics as 1 and 2 Kings) that tell of the statesman, general, and prophet Samuel (11th century B.C.).
Samuelson, Paul Anthony (1915– ), U.S. economist, adviser to Presidents John F.
Samurai, hereditary military class of Japan.
San Andreas Fault, break in the earth's crust running 600 mi (965 km)from Cape Mendocino, northwestern Calif., to the Colorado desert.
San Antonio (pop. 966,400), city in south-central Texas, seat of Bexar County, on the San Antonio River 150 mi (241 km) north of the Gulf of Mexico.
San Blas, 4 tribes of about 20,000 Native Americans living on the San Blas Islands off the eastern coast of Panama.
San Diego (pop. 1,148,00), city in southern California; seat of San Diego County, located on the Pacific Coast close to the Mexican border.
San Diego Naval Base, center of operations for many Pacific-based fleet commands.
San Domingo See: Santo Domingo.
San Francisco (pop. 728,900), western California city and seaport on the Pacific coast, on a peninsula between the Pacific and San Francisco Bay. Its economy is based on shipping and shipbuilding, with exports of cotton, grain, lumber, and petroleum products. It is also the financial, cultural, and communications center for the Northwest Coast. The city, noted for its cosmopolitan charm, has many …
San Francisco Conference, conference (April-June 1945) to set up the UN.
San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, series of connected suspension bridges that join Oakland, California to Buena Yerba Island and Buena Yerba Island to San Francisco.
San Jacinto, Battle of, decisive engagement (Apr. 21, 1836) in the war for Texan independence.
San Joaquin River, river in central California rising from the junction of 2 forks in the Sierra Nevada, south of Yosemite National Park.
San José (pop. 296,600), capital and largest city of the Central American nation of Costa Rica.
San José (pop. 801,300), western Californian city (incorporated 1850) about 50 mi (80 km) southeast of San Francisco in the Santa Clara Valley, the seat of Santa Clara County.
San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus), insect in the armored scale family.
San Juan (pop. 434,800), capital and chief port of Puerto Rico on the northeastern coast of the island.
San Juan Hill, Battle of See: Spanish-American War.
San Marino, one of the world's smallest republics and possibly the oldest state in Europe, southwest of Rimini, Italy.
San Martín, José de (1778–1850), Argentine patriot and hero of South American struggles for independence.
San Quentin, California's oldest prison, opened in 1852.
San Salvador (pop. 497,600), capital and largest city of El Salvador, about 25 mi (40 km) from the Pacific Ocean.
Sana (pop. 427,185), capital and largest city of Yemen, in southern Arabia on a high inland plain.
Sand, in geology, collection of rock particles with diameters in the range 0.125–2.0 mm.
Sand dollar (Echinarachnius pama), marine invertebrate animal that lives in the sand in shallow coastal waters.
Sand fly, any of various minute, biting, 2-winged flies (families Psychodidae, Simuliidae, and Ceratopogonidae) found in the southern United States and the tropics.
Sand, George (Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin; 1804–76), French novelist.
Sand painting, highly developed art form among the Navajo and Pueblo peoples of the southwestern United States, used in connection with rites of healing.
Sand verbena, low-growing summer annual plant (genus Abronia) native to western North America.
Sandalwood, any of several parasitic trees of the family Santalaceae (especially Santalum album), native to India, whose timber exudes a fragrant odor; also, the wood obtained from the trees.
Sandbur, or bur grass, any of several species of prickly weed (genus Cenchrus) that grow in wasteland.
Sandburg, Carl (1878–1967), U.S. poet and biographer who won Pulitzer prizes for Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (1940) and Complete Poems (1951).
Sanderling, shorebird (Calidris alba) belonging to the snipe and sandpiper family.
Sandhill crane See: Crane.
Sandia National Laboratories, nuclear weapon research laboratory located in Albuquerque, N.
Sandiford, Lloyd Erskine (1937– ), prime minister of Barbados since 1987.
Sandinistas, leftist Nicaraguan revolutionary movement that overthrew the Somoza family dictatorship in 1979.
Sandpiper, any of several small to medium-sized wading birds forming part of the family Scolopacidae and found in all parts of the world.
Sandstone, sedimentary rock consisting of consolidated sand, cemented after deposition by such minerals like quartz, calcite, or hematite or set in a matrix of clay minerals.
Sandstorm, storm in which wind drives masses of coarse sand through the air a few feet above the ground.
Sanford, Maria L. (1836–1920), one of the first female professors in the United States.
Sanger, Frederick (1918– ), British biochemist awarded the 1958 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work on proteins, particularly for first determining the complete structure of bovine insulin (1955).
Sanger, Margaret (1883–1966), U.S. pioneer of birth control and feminism who set up the first birth-control clinic in the United States (1916), founded the National Birth Control League (1917), and helped organize the first international birth-control conference (1927).
Sanhedrin, supreme Jewish legislative and judicial court in Roman times.
Sanitation, field of public health dealing with environmental control and the prevention and control of disease.
Sanskrit, classical language of the Hindu peoples of India and the oldest literary language of the Indo-European family of languages.
Santa Ana (pop. 239,000), second-largest city in El Salvador.
Santa Anna, Antonio López de (1794–1876), Mexican general and dictator who tried to suppress the Texan revolution and fought U.S. troops in the Mexican War.
Santa Claus Christmastide bearer of gifts to children.
Santa Fe (pop. 117,043), capital of New Mexico and seat of Santa Fe County, in the north-central part of the state on the Santa Fe River.
Santa Fe Trail, overland trade route between the western part of Missouri and Santa Fe, N.M., in use from its opening (1821) until the coming of the Santa Fe Railroad (1880).
Santa María See: Columbus, Christopher.
Santayana, George (1863–1952), Spanish-born U.S. philosopher, writer, and critic.
Santiago (pop. 4,600,000), capital and principal industrial, commercial, and cultural city of Chile, on the Mapocho River.
Santiago (pop. 278,600), second-largest city in the Dominican Republic, lying on the Yanque del Norte River.
Santiago de Cuba (pop. 405,000), second-largest city in Cuba, founded in 1514 by Diego de Velazquez de Cuellar, and capital of Oriente province.
Santo Domingo (pop. 1,410,000), capital and chief port of the Dominican Republic, at the mouth of the Ozama River.
Santo Domingo, University of, oldest university in the Western Hemisphere, located in the Dominican Republic.
Santos (pop. 428,500), one of Brazil's major port cities, and the world's leading coffee port.
Santos-Dumont, Alberto (1873–1932), aviation pioneer in both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air machines.
Sanzio, Raffaello See: Raphael.
Sap, in botany, the watery fluid in the stems and roots of plants.
Sapir, Edward (1884–1939), U.S. anthropologist, poet, and linguist, whose most important work was on the relation between language and the culture of which it is a product.
Sapodilla, evergreen tree (Achras zapota) found in tropical America; also, the fruit of the tree.
Saponin See: Soapberry.
Sapphire, any gem variety of the mineral corundum (except those that are red, which are called ruby); blue sapphires are best known, but most other colors of the spectrum are included.
Sappho (6th century B.C.), Greek poet born in Lesbos.
Sapporo (pop. 1,704,100), capital of Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan.
Saprophyte, plant that gets its food from dead and decaying material.
Sapsucker, bird of the woodpecker family.
Saracens, Muslims who invaded parts of the Christian world in Asia, Africa, and Europe from the 600s to the 1000s.
Saragossa (pop. 594,400), industrial and trading center located in northeast Spain.
Sarah See: Ishmael; Isaac.
Sarajevo (pop. 415,600), capital and cultural center of Bosnia and Hercegovina.
Saranac Lakes, group of lakes in the Adirondack Mountains of northeastern New York.
Sarasota (pop. 277,776), city in southwestern Florida, on the Sarasota Bay of the Gulf of Mexico.
Saratoga Springs (pop. 23,906), city in eastern New York, in the southeastern foothills of the Adirondack Mountains.
Saratov (pop. 909,000), one of the chief ports on the Volga River.
Sarawak, state of Malaysia on the northwestern coast of Borneo.
Sarazen, Gene (Eugene Saraceni; 1902– ), U.S. golfer.
Sarcoidosis, chronic disease characterized by fibrous and inflammatory nodules principally affecting lymph glands, skin, lungs, and bones, but arising in any tissue of the body.
Sarcoma, form of tumor derived from connective tissue, usually of mesodermal origin in embryology.
Sarcophagus, stone coffin.
Sardine, name for the young of members of the herring family, particularly the European sardine, or pitchard (Sardina pilchardus).
Sardinia, Italian island in the Mediterranean, 120 mi (193 km) to the west of mainland Italy and just south of Corsica.
Sardinia, Kingdom of, kingdom founded in 1720 when the Treaty of London awarded the island of Sardinia to Savoy.
Sardis, capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia.
Sardonyx, form of the mineral quartz.
Sargasso Sea, oval area in the North Atlantic, of special interest as the spawning ground of American eels, many of whose offspring drift across the Atlantic to form the European eel population.
Sargent, John Singer (1856–1935), U.S. painter famous for his many flattering portraits of high-society figures in the United States and United Kingdom.
Sargon of Akkad, king who founded the first great empire in history c. 2300 B.C.
Sark, one of the Channel Islands and the smallest self-governing unit in the United Kingdom.
Sarney, José (1930– ), Brazilian politician, president (1985–90).
Sarnoff, David (1891–1971), Russian-born U.S. radio and television pioneer.
Saroyan, William (1908–81), U.S. author known for combining patriotism with emotional idealism.
Sarton, May (1912– ), U.S. writer.
Sartre, Jean-Paul (1905–80), French philosopher, novelist, and playwright, exponent of existentialism.
Saskatchewan, 1 of the 3 prairie provinces of Canada. The principal wheat-growing province, it produces about one-third of the nation's wheat. It is also a rich source of minerals such as potash and petroleum. Most of Saskatchewan's resources are processed within the province. Saskatchewan can be divided into 2 major portions: the Canadian Shield, which covers the northern third of t…
Saskatchewan River, river system in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada.
Saskatoon (pop. 210,000), largest city of the province of Saskatchewan, on the South Saskatchewan River, western Canada.
Sassafras, tree (Sassafras albidum) of the laurel family, found in the eastern half of North America.
Sassoon, Siegfried (1886–1967), English poet and novelist.
Satellite, in astronomy, celestial object that revolves with or around a large celestial object.
Satellite, artificial, object placed in orbit as a satellite. First seriously proposed in the 1920s, they were impracticable until large enough rockets were developed. The first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched by the USSR on Oct. 8, 1957, and was soon followed by a host of others, mainly from the USSR and the United States, but also from the United Kingdom, France, Canada, West Germa…
Satie, Erik (Eric Alfred Leslie Satie; 1866–1925), French composer and pianist.
Satinwood, East Indian tree (Chloroxylon swietenia) or shrub of the citrus family.
Satire, in literature or cartoons, on stage or screen, use of broad humor, parody, and irony to ridicule a subject.