Saint Louis (pop. 383,700), city in eastern Missouri, on the Mississippi River. Founded as a fur-trading post by the French in 1764, it was ceded to Spain in 1770, reverting briefly to the French before passing to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The city expanded rapidly after the War of 1812 and became a major inland port, transportation center, and market. Products include beer, machinery, chemicals, and basic metals. St. Louis' Gateway Arch (630 ft/192 m high), designed by Eero Saarinen, is the city's most famous landmark. It is also known for its symphony orchestra and Washington University.
See also: Missouri.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Sade, Marquis de to Satire