M'Clure, Sir Robert John Le Mesurier See: McClure, Sir Robert John Le Mesurier.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Manuelito to Medical Association, American
Ma Yuan (c.1160–1225), Chinese Southern Sung period artist, who created some of China's greatest landscape paintings in ink.
Manuelito (1818?–1893), Navajo tribal leader.
Manuscript, document or work written by hand as distinguished from those typewritten or printed (although the typescript of a book is often called the author's manuscript). …
Manzanita, ornamental shrub (Arctostaphylos tomentosa), of the heath family.
Manzoni, Alessandro (1785–1873), Italian novelist and poet.
Mao Tse-tung See: Mao Zedong.
Mao Zedong (1893–1976), founder of the People's Republic of China. Born to an educated peasant in Hunan province, he joined the newly founded Shanghai Communist Party in 1921, and in 1927 led the Autumn Harvest uprising, which was crushed by the local Kuomintang militia, Mao fled to the mountains, where he built up the Red Army and established rural soviets. Surrounded by Kuomintang …
Maori, original inhabitants of New Zealand.
Map, representation on a flat surface of part or all of the earth's surface, or of another spherical body, showing each point and feature on a predetermined reduced scale and in accordance with a definite projection. Globes provide the most accurate representation of the earth, with regard to area, scale, shape, and direction. Any flat map will create some distortion. The making and study o…
Maple, common name for the deciduous trees and shrubs of the genus Acer, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
Maputo (pop. 544,700), capital (1907) and largest city of Mozambique.
Marabou, large stork (Leptoptilos crumeni-ferous) with a heavy bill, naked head and neck, and a pink, fleshy pouch dangling from its neck.
Maracaibo (pop. 1,152,000), city in northwestern Venezuela.
Marajó, Brazilian island in the mouth of the Amazon River.
Marat, Jean Paul (1743–93), French Revolutionary politician.
Marathon, village and plain northeast of Athens, Greece, site of an Athenian victory (490 B.C.) over the Persians.
Marble, rock form of limestone consisting of crystals of calcite or dolomite.
Marble bones See: Osteosclerosis.
Marc, Franz (1880–1916), German expressionist painter, with Wassily Kandinsky a cofounder of the Blaue Reiter group.
Marceau, Marcel (1923– ), French mime.
Marcel, Gabriel (1889–1973), 20th-century French philosopher.
March, Peyton Conway (1864–1955), U.S.
Marciano, Rocky (Rocco Marchegiano; 1923–69), U.S. boxer, considered to be one of the most powerful punchers of all time.
Marco Polo See: Polo, Marco.
Marconi, Guglielmo (1874–1937), Italian physicist, awarded (with K.F.
Marcos, Ferdinand Edralin (1917–89), president of the Philippines (1965–86). In 1972 Marcos declared martial law in the country and in 1973, under a new constitution, he assumed near-dictatorial authority. Although he lifted martial law in 1981, he retained certain broad martial-law powers. Anti-Marcos forces attracted worldwide attention in Aug. 1983 when returning opposition leader…
Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus; 121–180), Roman emperor and philosopher.
Marcuse, Herbert (1898–1979), German-born U.S. political philosopher who combined Freudianism and Marxism in his social criticism.
Mardi Gras (French, “fat Tuesday”), festivities prior to and on Shrove Tuesday, the last day of carnival before the start of Lent.
Marduk, highest god of ancient Babylon.
Maria Theresa (1717–80), archduchess of Austria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (1740–80), and wife of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I.
Mariana Islands, group of islands (184 sq mi/476.6 sq km) in the West Pacific, east of the Philippines.
Mariana Trench, world's deepest discovered submarine trench 210 mi (338 km) southwest of Guam.
Marie Antoinette (1755–93), queen of France from 1774.
Marie Louise (1791–1847), empress of France (1810–15).
Marigold, annual plant (genus Tagetes) with fragrant orange or yellow flowers, native to Central and South America.
Marihuana See: Marijuana.
Marijuana, or marihuana, nonaddictive drug derived from the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
Marin, John (1870–1953), U.S. painter and print maker best known for his expressionistic watercolors of Manhattan and the Maine coast.
Marine biology, study of the flora and fauna of the sea, from the smallest plankton to massive whales.
Marine Corps, U.S., armed service within the Department of the Navy providing troops trained for land, sea, and air operations. The Corps was founded by the Continental Congress in 1775 and established by act of Congress on July 11, 1798. It served in the Revolutionary War, the naval war with France (1798–1801), and the war with Tripoli (1801–05). Nearly 79,000 Marines served in Worl…
Marion, Francis (c. 1732–95), guerilla leader in the American Revolutionary War.
Marionette See: Puppet.
Mariposa lily, or sego lily (genus Calochortus), tuliplike member of the lily family.
Maris, Roger (1934–85), U.S. baseball player.
Marisol (Marisol Escobar; 1930– ), Venezuelan-born U.S. sculptor who satirizes and caricatures human society by creating Pop Art-type figures, usually from wood and clay.
Maritain, Jacques (1882–1973), leading French neo-Thomist philosopher.
Maritime law, body of law, based on custom, court decisions, and statutes, seeking to regulate all aspects of shipping and ocean commerce, such as insurance, salvage, and contracts for carriage of goods by sea.
Maritime Provinces See: Atlantic Provinces.
Marius, Gaius (157–86 B.C.), Roman general and politician.
Marivaux, Pierre (1688–1763), French playwright and novelist, best known for his witty comedies.
Marjoram, perennial herb of the mint family, native to the Mediterranean region and Asia.
Mark Antony See: Antony, Marc.
Mark, Saint, or John Mark (fl. 1st century A.D.), Christian evangelist and traditional author of the second Gospel, which derived information from St.Peter in Rome.
Market research, process of gathering and analyzing information for marketing decision making.
Marketing, refers to all activities concerned with the flow of goods and services from the producer to the consumer. It includes the various physical movements of the product including the pricing, wholesaling, transporting, and retailing of the product. It also involves packaging, design, and advertising. Marketing may be said to include everything that has to do with how a product is sold. In ea…
Markham, Edwin (1852–1940), U.S. poet and lecturer whose poem of social protest, “The Man with the Hoe” (1899), based on a painting by Millet, brought him a fortune and worldwide acclaim.
Markova, Dame Alicia (1910– ), leading English ballerina.
Marlborough, Duke of (John Churchill; 1650–1722), English soldier and politician, one of the country's greatest generals.
Marlin, gamefish related to the sailfish and the swordfish, found in warm oceans.
Marlowe, Christopher (1564–93), English poet and dramatist, a major influence on William Shakespeare.
Marmara, Sea of, sea between the Asian and European sections of Turkey.
Marmoset, the world's smallest monkey, usually growing to less than 1 ft (30 cm) long.
Marmot, large round squirrel (genus Marmota) found in much of the Northern Hemisphere.
Marne, Battles of the, two World War I battles fought in the Marne River area of France.
Marne River, chief tributary of the Seine River, France, rising on the Langres Plateau of eastern France and flowing through 310 mi (500 km) of rich farmland before joining the Seine southeast of Paris.
Marquand, J(ohn) P(hillips) (1893–1960), U.S. novelist best known for his detective stories centered on the Japanese agent Mr.
Marquesas Islands, 2 clusters of mountainous and volcanic islands in the South Pacific, about 900 mi (1,400 km) northeast of Tahiti.
Marquette, Jacques (1637–75), French Jesuit missionary and explorer.
Marrakech, or Marrakesh (pop. 332,700), city of southwestern Morocco, near the Atlas Mtns.
Marriage, union between man and woman for the purpose of cohabitation and usually also for raising children. The modern trend is towards monogamy, union between one man and one woman only. Many societies still permit polygamy, but it is increasingly rare. Forms of group and communal marriage have been tried from time to time, though with little success or social acceptance. Marriage is in some sen…
Marryat, Frederick (1792–1848), English author.
Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun, with a mean solar distance of 141.6 million mi (227.9 million km) and a mean diameter of 4,223 mi (6,796 km). Mars takes about 687 earth-days to orbit the Sun. The planet's temperature ranges from −191° to 81°F (−124° to 27°C), and its tenuous atmosphere consists mainly of carbon dioxide. The distinctive Martian…
Mars, in Roman mythology, the god of war.
Marseille (pop. 807,700), second largest city in France, located in the southeastern part of the country.
Marsh, flat wetland area characterized by grassy plant growth.
Marsh gas See: Methane.
Marsh hawk See: Northern harrier.
Marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis), herb found mainly in Europe, although it is now grown in the United States.
Marsh marigold See: Cowslip.
Marsh, Reginald (1898–1954), U.S. painter.
Marshall, Alfred (1842–1924), English economist, professor of political economy at Cambridge (1885–1908).
Marshall, George Catlett (1880–1959), U.S. general and politician.
Marshall Islands, 2 curving chains, each about 650 mi (1,050 km) in length, of altogether 34 coral atolls and islands in the west central Pacific: the eastern Radak (Sunrise) chain and the western Ralik (Sunset) chain.
Marshall, James Wilson (1810–85), discoverer of gold in California.
Marshall, John (1755–1835), fourth chief justice of the United States, known as the “Great Chief Justice.” He established the modern status of the Supreme Court. He served in the Revolutionary War, studied law, and was elected to the Virginia legislature in 1782. A staunch Federalist, he supported acceptance of the Constitution. He declined ministerial posts but became one of …
Marshall Plan, or European Recovery Program, program designed to help Europe's economic recovery after World War II, named for its originator, U.S.
Marshall, Thurgood (1908–93), U.S. judge, first black member of the United States' Supreme Court.
Marston, John (1576–1634), English playwright best known for his comedy The Malcontents (1604).
Marsupial, any of an order (Marsupialia) of pouched mammals found mainly in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea.
Martí, José Julian (1853–1895), Cuban poet and hero of the independence movement.
Martel, Charles See: Charles Mattel.
Marten, any of several large mammals (genus Martes) of the weasel family with valuable fur.
Martha's Vineyard, island off the coast of southeast Massachusetts.
Martial (Marcus Valerius Martialis;c.A.D. 40–104), Spanish-born Latin poet.
Martial law, temporary superimposition of military on domestic civil government, usually in wartime or other national emergency.
Martin, any of several birds of the swallow family.
Martin du Gard, Roger (1881–1958), French novelist known for his objective but somber exploration of human relationships and the large backgrounds in which he sets them.
Martin of Tours, Saint (c.316–397), bishop of Tours.
Martin V (Oddone Colonna; 1368–1431), 15th-century Roman Catholic pope.
Martineau, Harriet (1802–76), British writer and social reformer.
Martinique, island in the Windward group in the east Caribbean, an overseas department of France since 1946.
Martins, Peter (1946– ), Danish dancer.
Marvell, Andrew (1621–1678), English metaphysical poet.
Marx brothers, U.S. comedy team whose main members were Groucho (Julius; 1890–1977), Harpo (Arthur; 1888–1964), and Chico (Leonard; 1886–1961).
Marx, Karl (1818–83), German philosopher and social and economic theorist, founder of modern socialism. Born in Prussia of Jewish parents, Marx studied philosophy in Bonn and Berlin. When the Cologne newspaper he edited the Rheinische Zeitung, was suppressed (1843), he moved with his wife Jenny von Westphalen to Paris, where he met Friedrich Engels in 1844, and later to London, where he spe…
Marxism, foundation philosophy of modern communism, originating in the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Three of its basic concepts are that productive labor is the fundamental attribute of human nature; that the structure of any society is determined by its economic means of production; and that societies evolve by a series of crises caused by internal contradictions, analyzable by dialect…
Mary, in the Bible, the mother of Jesus, also called the Blessed Virgin.
Mary, name of 2 English queens.
Mary Magdalene, in the New Testament, the woman of Magdala from whom Jesus cast out 7 demons (Luke 8:2).
Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–87), queen of Scotland (1542–67), daughter of James V and Mary of Guise.
Mary, Virgin See: Mary.
Maryknoll Fathers, popular name for the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America.
Maryland, state in the mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States; bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Virginia and the District of Columbia to the south, and West Virginia to the south and west. Chesapeake Bay, a jagged arm of the Atlantic Ocean, almost cuts the state in two from north to south. Maryland's 3,190 mi (5,134 km) of coastli…
Masaccio (Tommaso Guidi; 1401–28), Florentine painter of the Renaissance, one of the great innovators of Western art.
Masada, mountaintop rock fortress near the southeastern coast of the Dead Sea, Israel.
Masai, people of eastern Africa who speak the Masai language of the Sudanic group.
Masaryk, name of 2 Czechoslovakian politicians.
Mascagni, Pietro (1863–1945), Italian opera composer of the verismo (realist) school, known for the one-act Cavalleria Rusticana (Rustic Chivalry, 1890).
Masefield, John (1878–1967), English poet, novelist, and playwright.
Maser, in technology, acronym for Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation, a device capable of amplifying or generating radio frequency radiation.
Maseru (pop. 109,400), capital of Lesotho, a landlocked independent state in southern Africa.
Maslow, Abraham Harold (1908–70), U.S. psychologist, the major figure in the humanistic school of psychology.
Mason, Charles See: Mason and Dixon's Line.
Mason and Dixon's Line, Mason-Dixon Line, traditional dividing line between the northern and southern states of the United States.
Mason, George (1725–92), U.S. politician who helped draft the U.S.
Mason and Slidell, Confederate diplomats; their seizure while aboard a British vessel nearly touched off a war between the United States and Great Britain during the Civil War.
Masonry, or freemasonry, common name for the practices of the order of Free and Accepted Masons, one of the world's largest and oldest fraternal organizations.
Masqat See: Muscat.
Masque, or mask, dramatic entertainment popular in the early-17th-century English court.
Mass, term for the celebration of Holy Communion in the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglo-Catholic churches.
Mass, in physics, measure of the linear inertia of a body, i.e., of the extent to which it resists acceleration when a force is applied to it.
Mass media See: Advertising.
Mass number See: Atom.
Mass production, production of large numbers of identical objects, usually by use of mechanization.
Mass spectroscopy, spectroscopic technique in which electric and magnetic fields are used to deflect moving charged particles according to their mass; employed for chemical analysis, separation, isotope determination, or finding impurities.
Massachusetts, state in New England, the northeastern region of the United States; bordered by Vermont and New Hampshire to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, and New York to the west. Massachusetts can be divided into six land regions. The Coastal Lowlands is a flat or gently sloping plain in the eastern third of the state. Most of the …
Massachusetts Bay Company, English joint stock company set up by royal charter in 1629 and styled the “Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England.” The charter gave the company self-government, subject only to the king; it effectively became the constitution of the colony.
Massasoit (1580?–1661), powerful Wampanoag chief who signed a treaty with the Pilgrims under Governor John Carver of Plymouth Colony in 1621.
Massenet, Jules (1842–1912), French composer.
Massey, Vincent (1887–1967), Canadian diplomat.
Massine, Léonide (1896–1979), Russian-born U.S. ballet dancer and choreographer.
Massinger, Philip (1583–1640), English dramatist known for satirical comedies.
Masson, André (1896–1987), French painter and graphic artist.
Masters, Edgar Lee (1869–1950), U.S. poet, novelist, biographer, and playwright whose best-known work is Spoon River Anthology (1915), which reveals the life of a small town as seen through the epitaphs of its inhabitants.
Masters, William H. (1915– ), and Virginia E.
Masterson, Bat (1853–1921), U.S. pioneer and peace officer.
Mastodon, any of a genus (Mammut) of the extinct mammals resembling elephants.
Maté, also known as yerba maté or Paraguay tea, evergreen tree of the holly family.
Mata Hari (Margaretha Geertruida Zelle; 1866–1917), Dutch-born dancer and spy for Germany in World War I.
Materialism, in philosophy, any view asserting the primacy of physical matter in explaining the nature of the world.
Mathematics, field of thought concerned with relationships involving concepts of quantity, space, and symbolism.
Mather, family of American colonial ministers.
Mathewson, Christy (Christopher Mathewson; 1880–1925), U.S. baseball player.
Matisse, Henri (1869–1954), French painter, sculptor, and lithographer.
Matter, material substance existing in space and time.
Matterhorn, 14,691-ft (4,478-m) high mountain in the Alps on the Swiss-Italian frontier.
Matthew, Saint, one of the twelve apostles, traditionally the author of the first gospel.
Mattingly, Don (Donald Arthur Mattingly; 1961– ), U.S. baseball player.
Mau Mau, terrorist organization in Kenya (chiefly the Kikuyu tribe) whose main aim was to expel the British.
Maugham, W(illiam) Somerset (1874–1965), British author.
Maui See: Hawaii.
Mauldin, Bill (1921– ), U.S. cartoonist.
Mauna Kea, dormant volcano in Hawaii.
Mauna Loa, active volcano in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
Maundy Thursday, the Thursday before Easter, commemorating Jesus's washing of his disciples' feet and institution of Holy Communion at the Last Supper.
Maupassant, Guy de See: De Maupassant, Guy.
Mauriac, François (1885–1970), French author.
Maurice of Nassau (1567–1625), Prince of Orange from 1618, Dutch statesman, and military leader.
Mauritania, Islamic Republic of, former French colony in western Africa. Mauritania is some 398,000 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km) in area and is bordered by Morocco, Western Sahara and Algeria to the north, Mali and Senegal to the south, Mali to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Mauritania is principally a dry, rocky plateau averaging 500 ft (152 m) above sea level, a southern extension of t…
Mauritius, island republic 500 mi (805 km) east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, comprising the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, and associated archipelagos. The main island, Mauritius, is surrounded by coral reefs. The island is principally a plateau and approximately 788 sq mi (2,040 sq km) in area. The climate is warm and humid with a cyclone season from Dec. to Mar. More than 60% of t…
Maurois, André (Émile Herzog; 1885–1967), 20th-century French author.
Maury, Matthew Fontaine (1806–73), U.S. naval officer, head of the Depot of Charts and Instruments (1844–61).
Maurya Empire, Indian imperial dynasty, 325–183 B.C., founded by Chandragupta Maurya.
Maverick, Samuel Augustus (1803–70), Texas politician and cattle rancher.
Maxim, U.S. family of inventors.
Maximilian, name of 2 Habsburg Holy Roman emperors.
Maximilian (1832–1867), emperor of Mexico from 1864 until his death.
Maxwell, James Clerk (1831–79), Scottish theoretical physicist.
Maxwell's rule, law stating that every part of an electric circuit is acted upon by a force tending to move it in such a direction as to enclose the maximum amount of magnetic flux.
May apple, or may apple (Podophyllum peltatum), woodland plant native to eastern North America.
May beetle See: June bug.
May Day, spring festival on May 1.
Mayas, Middle American Indian confederation of Central America, covering the Yucatán peninsula, East Chiapas state in modern Mexico, most of Guatemala, and the western parts of El Salvador and Honduras.
Mayer, Julius Robert von (1814–78), German physician and physicist who contributed (1842) to the formulation of the law of conservation of energy.
Mayflower, ship that carried the Pilgrims to America in 1620.
Mayflower Compact, agreement signed by 41 of the Pilgrims on Nov. 21, 1620.
Mayfly, common insect (order Ephemeroptera) of ponds and rivers.
Mayo, U.S. family of surgeons.
Mayo Clinic, one of the world's largest medical centers.
Mays, Willie (1931– ), U.S. baseball player.
Mazarin, Jules Cardinal (1602–61), Italian-born French politician and cardinal.
Maze See: Labyrinth.
Mazepa, Ivan (1640?–1709), Cossack chief who vainly aided Charles XII of Sweden against Peter the Great, hoping to win independence for his native Ukraine.
Mazzei, Philip (1730–1816), Italian-born U.S. patriot.
Mazzini, Giuseppe (1805–72), Italian patriot and a leading propagandist of the secret society, the Risorgimento, the nationalist involvement that achieved Italian unification.
Mbabane (pop. 38,600), town, administrative capital of Swaziland.
Mboya, Tom (1930–1969), Kenyan political leader.
McAdam, John Loudon (1756–1836), British engineer and surveyor.
McCarran, Patrick Anthony (1876–1954), U.S.
McCarthy, Eugene Joseph (1916– ), U.S.
McCarthy, Joseph Raymond (1908–57), U.S.
McCarthy, Mary (1912–89), U.S. writer, best known for her satirical novel The Group (1963), about the lives of a generation of Vassar graduates.
McCarthyism, political movement named after Republican Senator Joseph R.
McCartney, (James) Paul (1942– ), English singer, guitarist, and songwriter, member of the Beatles (1959–70).
McClellan, George Brinton (1826–85), controversial Union general in the U.S.
McClintock, Barbara (1902–92), U.S. geneticist.
McCloskey, John Cardinal (1810–85), U.S.
McClure, Samuel Sidney (1857–1949), editor and publisher who founded (1884) the first U.S. newspaper syndicate.
McClure, Sir Robert John Le Mesurier (1807–73), English arctic explorer and naval officer.
McCollum, Elmer Verner (1879–1967), U.S. biochemist and professor.
McCormack, John (1884–1945), Irish-American tenor.
McCormick, Cyrus Hall (1809–84), U.S. inventor and industrialist.
McCormick, Robert Rutherford (1880–1955), U.S. newspaper editor and publisher who became sole owner of the Chicago Tribune after World War I.
McCoy, Elijah (1844?–1929), U.S. engineer and inventor.
McCrae, John (1872–1918), Canadian physician and poet of World War I, famous for his poem “In Flanders Fields,” which was written under fire.
McCullers, Carson (1917–67), U.S. writer.
McEnroe, John (1959– ), U.S. tennis player.
McGillivray, Alexander (1759?–93), Native American leader of the Creek tribe.
McGovern, George Stanley (1922– ), U.S. senator from South Dakota and the 1972 Democratic presidential candidate.
McGraw, John Joseph (1873–1934), U.S. professional baseball player and manager.
McGuffey, William Holmes (1800–73), U.S. educator and clergyman.
McKay, Alexander (?–1811), early Canadian explorer and fur trader.
McKay, Claude (1890–1948), U.S. poet and novelist born in Jamaica.
McKay, Donald (1810–80), Canadian-born U.S. naval architect, master builder of clipper ships.
McKean, Thomas (1734–1817), U.S. patriot.
McKim, Charles Follen (1847–1909), U.S. architect, founder of the firm McKim, Mead, and White (1878) and of the American Academy in Rome.
McKinley, William (1843–1901), 25th president of the United States. McKinley—last in a long line of presidents who had fought in the Civil War—led the U.S. during its war with Spain, and presided over a nation emerging from a period of isolation to become a world power. McKinley attended Allegheny College at Meadville, Pa., but illness forced him to return home after a few mon…
McKissick, Floyd Bixler (1922– ), African-American political leader.
McKuen, Rod (1933– ), U.S. poet and songwriter.
McLoughlin, John (1784–1857), Canadian pioneer of the Oregon Territory.
McLuhan, Marshall (1911–80), Canadian professor of humanities and mass communications specialist.
McNamara, Robert Strange (1916– ), secretary of defense under presidents Kennedy and Johnson (1961–68), who played an important part in the shaping of U.S. defense policy, including Vietnam War policy.
McPherson, Aimee Semple (1890–1944), U.S. evangelist, famed for her flamboyant preaching.
Mead, Margaret (1901–78), U.S. cultural anthropologist known for Coming of Age in Samoa (1928), Growing Up in New Guinea (1930), the Mountain Arapesh (3 vols., 1938–49), and Male and Female (1949), among other works.
Meade, George Gordon (1815–72), Union general of the U.S.
Meadowlark, common North American field bird of the family Icteridae, with a distinctive black V on its yellow underside.
Meany, George (1894–1980), U.S. labor leader, president (1955–79) of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO).
Measles, common infectious disease usually seen in children and caused by a virus.
Measuring worm, also known as inchworm or looper, hairless caterpillar, moth larvae found on every continent.
Meat packing, industry that involves the butchering and processing of meat-producing animals for human consumption.
Mecca (Arabic: Makka; pop. 550,000), is the chief city of the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia.
Mechanical engineering See: Engineering.
Media, the plural form of “medium.” The term is used to apply to communication systems, such as books, newspapers, radio, and television.
Medicaid, U.S. government-financed system of medical aid to low-income people under 65.
Medical Association, American See: American Medical Association.