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Francis Marion

Marion, Francis (c. 1732–95), guerilla leader in the American Revolutionary War. Commander of the South Carolina troops, he fought at Charleston in 1776. In 1780 he and his men were forced to take refuge in the swamps, from which they waged ceaseless guerilla warfare on Loyalist farms and on British troops, who nicknamed Marion “the Swamp Fox.” He served in the state senate (1782–90).

See also: Revolutionary War in America.

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