Other Free Encyclopedias » 21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia » 21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Buffalo grass to Cannizzaro, Stanislao

John Calvin

geneva reformation theology

Calvin, John (1509–64), French theologian. After a “sudden conversion” in 1533, Calvin became a leader of the Protestant Reformation, eventually systematizing his ideas with those of other reformers. His Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536) is one of the most important religious works ever written. Calvin's theology, which rejected the authority of the pope, focused on the faith of the individual and study of the Bible. Calvin also believed in predestination, the idea that God preordains some souls for salvation and others for damnation. His church organization became the model for Presbyterianism and the Reformed Churches. Calvin was active in politics, in 1541 establishing in Geneva a government based on his theology. The academy that he founded in 1559 later became the University of Geneva.

See also: Calvinism; Reformation.

Melvin Calvin [next] [back] Calvert

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or