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Calvert

maryland baron baltimore cecil

Calvert, English family that founded and owned colonial Maryland. George, 1st Baron Baltimore (c.1580–1632), founded Ferryland, Newfoundland (1621). He petitioned for a grant in northern Virginia (present-day Maryland), granted to his son Cecil in 1632. Cecil (or Cecilius), 2nd Baron Baltimore (c.1605–75), left Maryland's administration to his younger brother Leonard Calvert (1606–47). Charles, 3rd Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), son of Cecil, governor of Maryland from 1661, and governed the colony in person, 1679–84. In 1689 his Roman Catholic Maryland Administration was overthrown by a Protestant rebellion, and in 1691 the Crown withdrew his authority to govern.

See also: Maryland.

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