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spain port rule city

Cádiz (pop. 154,100), ancient city and port in southwest Spain, on the Atlantic coast northwest of Gibraltar. Founded by the Phoenicians in 1130 B.C. as Gadir, the city came under the rule of Carthage c.550 B.C. and became prosperous under Roman rule after 205 B.C. After the discovery of America it became important as the headquarters of the Spanish fleets. It is now a commercial port noted for sherry exports.

See also: Spain.

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