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George, 2 kings of Greece. George I (1845–1913; r. 1863–1913), a Danish prince, was elected king of Greece after Otto I was deposed in 1862. During George I's reign, which ended with his assassination, Greece increased its territory and adopted a democratic constitution (1864). George II (1890–1947; r. 1922–23, 1935–47) went into exile (1923) when the country became a republic. He was restored to the throne in 1935 and instituted a dictatorship run by General John Metaxas. Upon the German invasion of Greece (1941), George fled, spending the war in exile. He returned in 1946, during the civil war, and in 1947 was succeeded by his brother Paul.

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