Other Free Encyclopedias » 21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia » 21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Gabor, Dennis to Ghetto

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

india civil campaign indian

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948), nationalist leader of lndia. He was called the Mahatma (“Great Soul”). After studying law in London, he went to South Africa, where he lived until 1914, becoming a driving force in the Indian community's fight for civil rights. During this campaign he developed the principle of satyagraha, nonviolent civil disobedience to achieve economic, political, and social change, and held to it despite persecution and imprisonment. When he returned to India, he had achieved substantial improvements in civil rights and labor laws. In India he became leader of the Congress Party, initiating the campaign that led to the independence of India after World War II. He was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic who disapproved of his tolerance of Muslims. Gandhi wrote an autobiography, My Experiment With Truth, and edited the newspaper Indian Opinion.

See also: India.

Rajiv Gandhi [next] [back] Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or