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New Yorker, The

New Yorker, Here at The New Yorker

a weekly magazine established in 1925 by Harold Ross, who remained its editor until his death in 1951, and the publisher Raoul Fleischman; James Thurber was managing editor in the publication's early years and contributed material throughout his career. The combination of scrupulously accurate reportage, urbanely humorous and satirical articles, lively reviewing, short stories, and poetry established by Ross and his colleagues ensured the magazine's success after an initial period of uncertainty; its influence over American journalism and humorous writing was considerable during its first twenty-five years. Edmund Wilson, John O'Hara, Truman Capote, John Updike, John Cheever, J. D. Salinger, S. J. Perelman, and Dorothy Parker are among the writers whose work has been regularly featured; the wide range of American and British poets who have contributed includes Ogden Nash, Robert Frost, John Ashbery, Ted Hughes, Douglas Dunn, and Seamus Heaney. Among the artists who have supplied the distinctive cartoons which are indispensable to the New Yorker have been Charles Addams, Gluyas Willimas, Willima Steig, and Mary Petty. William Shawn, the editor since 1952, was controversially replaced by Robert Gottlieb in 1985 when the periodical was acquired by S. I. Newhouse, owner of the Condé Naste and Random House publishing groups. Here at The New Yorker (1975, revised edition 1990) is Brendan Gill's detailed memoir of his long association with the magazine.

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Literature Reference: American Literature, English Literature, Classics & Modern FictionEncyclopedia of Literature: New from Tartary to Frank O'connor