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Chongqing (pop. 2,980,000), Chungking, or Ch'ung-ch'ing, city in Sichuan province, southwest China, on the Jialing and Yangtze rivers. It is a densely populated political and industrial center, producing steel, medicine, and silk. It became part of China in 220 B.C., served as a treaty port (1891–1943), and was capital of the Nationalist government (1937–46) under Chiang Kai-shek.

See also: China.

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