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Chivalry, knightly code of conduct in medieval Europe combining Christian and military ideals of bravery, piety, honor, loyalty, and sacrifice, virtues valued by the Crusaders. Chivalry flourished in the 12th to 14th century and declined in the 15th century although it continues to be the basis for gentlemanly behavior. Examples of chivalric literature are the Arthurian legends and the Chansons de Geste.

See also: Knights and knighthood.

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