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Jacobites, supporters of that branch of the House of Stuart exiled by the Glorious Revolution of 1688; a large number were Highland Scots. Jacobites sought to regain the English throne for James II and his descendants, notably James Edward Stuart (1688–1766), “The Old Pretender,” and Charles Edward Stuart (1720–88), “Bonnie Prince Charlie.” After rebellions in 1715, 1719, and 1745, they were effectively crushed at the battle of Culloden Moor (1746).

See also: England; Stuart, House of.

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