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Gorki, or Gorky (pop. 1,443,000), now Nizhny Novgorod (renamed in 1990), city in the eastern European port of the Soviet Union, situated at the confluence of the Oka and Volga rivers. Its diverse industries include automobiles, airplanes, locomotives, machinery, and chemicals, as well as the refining of petroleum and natural gas. The city was named Gorki from 1932–90, in honor of the writer Maxim Gorki, who was born there.

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