Genoa (pop. 667,600), capital of Genoa province and of the region of Liguria, northwestern Italy, 71 mi (114 km) southwest of Milan. Italy's largest port, it is second only to Marseilles on the Mediterranean. In ancient times it was the headquarters of the Roman fleet. In the 12th and 13th centuries it was an independent republic with its own fleet and possessions on the eastern Mediterranean. The city's principal industries include shipbuilding, iron and steel making, and oil and sugar refining.
See also: Italy.