David (c.1012–c.972 B.C.), king of ancient Israel, successor of Saul, and reputed author of many psalms. David is known as the killer of the Philistine giant Goliath. Chosen king of Judah on Saul's death, he seized Jerusalem, making it the religious and political capital of Israel. He was also known for his close friendship with Saul's son Jonathan and for his adultery with Bathsheba, wife of Uriah the Hittite. His reign lasted about 40 years.
See also: Israel.