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hungary destroyed capital

Budapest (pop. c. 1,992,300), capital of Hungary, on the Danube River. Two settlements, Buda on the right bank and Pest on the left, date from Roman times but were destroyed by Mongol invaders in 1241. Buda became Hungary's capital in 1361. Both cities declined under the Turks but revived under the Hapsburgs and were united in 1873. Textiles are the main industry. The city was virtually destroyed in World War II. It was the center of the Hungarian uprising in 1956.

See also: Hungary.

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