Federico García Lorca
García Lorca, Federico (1898–1936), Spanish poet and dramatist. Inspired by his native Andalusia and by gypsy folklore, he made his reputation with Gypsy Ballads (1928) and the surrealism-influenced Poet in New York (published 1940). He returned to folk themes in the plays Blood Wedding (1933), Yerma (1935), and The House of Bernarda Alba (1936). He was also a musician and theater director. He was murdered by Franco's Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War.