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Gadsden Purchase

Gadsden Purchase, Mexican territory bought by the United States in 1853, to add to lands acquired in the war of 1848. The extra land, some 30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km) cost $10 million. It provided a rail route through the conquered land to the Pacific. The purchase was negotiated by James Gadsden, U.S. minister to Mexico.

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