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guilds apprenticeship

Apprentice, person who works for an accomplished craftsperson to learn a trade. An apprentice normally works regular hours and earns a salary. The system of apprenticeship, begun in ancient times, reached its peak in medieval Europe with the organization of guilds representing individual crafts. Following the Industrial Revolution, guilds were gradually replaced by smaller, newer fields of apprenticeship, particularly among machine workers and electricians.

See also: Guild.

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