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Transatlantic Review, The:

Finnegans Wake, Review's, Transatlantic Review

1 a literary journal begun in Paris in 1923 by Ford Madox Ford. James Joyce, Ezra Pound, and Ernest Hemingway were closely associated with the magazine and supported it as both contributors and editorial advisers. Basil Bunting was Ford's assistant editor. Hilda Doolittle, E. E. Cummings, F. S. Flint, Gertrude Stein, William Carlos Williams, and Djuna Barnes were among the noted Modernist authors whose writing was featured. The inclusion of graphic work by Georges Braque and Man Ray and the publication of surrealist poems by Tristan Tzara and others emphasized the cosmopolitan tone Ford cultivated in the magazine. The fourth issue contained Joyce's ‘Work in Progress’, which constituted the first appearance in print of material relating to Finnegans Wake (1939). Disagreements between Ford and Hemingway over the Review's literary aesthetics were among the reasons for its closure in January 1925.

2 J. McCrindle began another periodical under the title Transatlantic Review in 1959, which was noted for the quality of its prose fiction; its contributors included William Trevor, Edna O'Brien, Samuel Beckett, John Updike, William Burroughs, and Ian Mcewan. It also published interviews with Joe Orton, Tom Stoppard, Edward Bond, and other leading dramatists. B. S. Johnson was its poetry editor from 1965 until his death in 1973; notable among the poets whose work appeared were W. H. Auden and Ted Hughes. McCrindle's Transatlantic Review ran for sixty issues before its closure in 1977.

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Literature Reference: American Literature, English Literature, Classics & Modern FictionEncyclopedia of Literature: James Thomson Biography to Hugh [Redwald] Trevor-Roper Baron Dacre Biography