North American Review, The
one of the most eminent of the American periodicals of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It was edited from its inception in 1815 by William Tudor; his numerous successors included James Russell Lowell, Charles Eliot Norton, and Henry Adams. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Anthony Trollope were among the authors whose work was published. Originally a journal of the literary and intellectual circles of Boston and Harvard, in 1878 it moved to New York and became actively, and sometimes controversially, involved in socio-political debate. The early years of the twentieth century were a distinguished period in the Review's history, when its contributors included Mark Twain, H. G. Wells, Alan Seeger, Maeterlinck, D'Annunzio, and Tolstoy; fiction by Henry James and Joseph Conrad appeared when serialized novels became a regular feature. From 1918 onward the publication began to decline and, despite attempts to revitalize it, it expired in 1939. The title was revived in 1963 by Cornell College, Iowa, later the University of Northern Iowa, where it continues to be published as a quarterly.