H. P. Lovecraft (Howard Phillips Lovecraft) Biography
(1890–1937), (Howard Phillips Lovecraft), The Outsider and Others, The Dunwich Horror, At the Mountains of Madness
American writer of horror stories, born in Providence, Rhode Island. The best of his stories promulgated a malign universe with its roots aeons deep in the Chaos prefiguring human occupancy of the planet; these stories of the Chthulhu Mythos, the best of which were collected in The Outsider and Others (1939), articulated his psychic distress in unforgettable terms. Lovecraft's was the distress of the fragile schizoid personality for whom the world externally threatens engulfment. The powerful effect of his work, despite its stylistic limitations, has influenced many subsequent authors who have written stories within the Chthulhu precepts. His complete short stories can be found in The Dunwich Horror (1963), At the Mountains of Madness (1964), and Dagon and Other Macabre Tales (1965). His one novel, The Lurker at the Threshold (1945), was less impressive.