Index on Censorship
a monthly journal established in 1972 by Writers and Scholars International, a group dedicated to recording and analysing the extent and effects of state censorship throughout the world; Stephen Spender and the Soviet dissident Pavel Litvinov were directly instrumental in the formation of the organization in 1971. Having begun under Michael Scammell's editorship as Index, in 1975 it became known by its present title. South Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, South America, and China have supplied many of the detailed case histories of censorship which form an essential feature of the magazine. It also publishes examples of prose fiction, drama, poetry, and documentary writing by authors whose work has been suppressed in their own countries. Václav Havel, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Andrei Voznesensky, and Wole Soyinka have been among the contributors with direct experience of censorship. Other leading authors who have supplied essays and articles are Arthur Miller, George Seferis, Adewale Maja-Pearce, Nadine Gordimer, Samuel Beckett, and Noam Chomsky. The subjects of the interviews which occasionally appear have included Graham Greene, Salman Rushdie, and Joseph Brodsky.