English Review, The
Review, Parade's End, English Review, National Review
a literary journal begun in 1908 by Ford Madox Ford (then Hueffer) in association with various writers including Joseph Conrad and H. G. Wells. Increasingly dissatisfied with existing periodicals, Ford was motivated in founding the magazine when Thomas Hardy's poem ‘A Sunday Morning Tragedy’ was rejected by other editors. The poem appeared in the first issue, along with work by Henry James, Wells, Conrad, John Galsworthy, and others. Under Ford's distinguished editorship, the Review's contributors also included W. B. Yeats, Violet Hunt, Arnold Bennett, and Hilaire Belloc; among the emerging writers to whom he was hospitable were E. M. Forster, Ezra Pound, Wyndham Lewis, D. H. Lawrence, and F. S. Flint. Ford's financial management of the magazine was not, however, satisfactory: his backer Arthur Marwood (a model for Christopher Tietjens in Ford's Parade's End) withdrew support and Sir Alfred Mond, a wealthy politician, acquired the Review as a platform for liberal reformist opinions; Austin Harrison was installed as editor in January 1910, maintaining literary standards with work from Aldous Huxley, Herman Hesse, Katherine Mansfield, Caradoc Evans, and Bertrand Russell. In 1923 Harrison was succeeded by Ernest Remnant, whose promotion of a conservative national ideal rendered the Review aridly political. Douglas Jerrold was editor from 1931 to 1935; with T. S. Eliot among his reviewers, the magazine was noted for the quality of its commentaries on Modernist writing. The English Review subsequently entered a period of decline and merged with the National Review in 1937.