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Benghazi (pop. 368,000), seaport and second largest city of Libya. It is situated in northeastern Libya on the Gulf of Sidra about 600 mi (966 km) east of the capital, Tripoli. Benghazi markets and exports the products of a rich agricultural region: wool, grains, citrus fruits, dates, and olives. There is also considerable tuna and sponge fishing. Benghazi was the scene of fighting (changing hands several times) during World War II.

See also: Libya.

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