Moravia, eastern region of the Czech Republic, bounded on the west by the Bohemian highlands and on the east by the Carpathian Mountains. Historically the homeland of the Moravian Empire, from 1029 Moravia was a province of Bohemia. In 1526 it passed under Hapsburg rule, and was part of Austria-Hungary until 1918. Moravia is a fertile and now highly industrialized region. Brno, the largest city, is noted for textile manufacturing.
See also: Czech Republic.