Mohegan, North American Indian tribe of the Eastern Woodlands. Mohegans formed a branch of the Mahican group, which occupied southwestern Connecticut in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 1600s, the Mohegan chief, Uncas, and the settlers formed an alliance against hostile native groups. In the 1700s, however, many Mohegans were driven from the land, had died of disease, or were converted to Christianity. A few remaining descendants still live on a Connecticut reservation. Both Mohegans and Mahicans are sometimes called Mohicans, after the fictional tribe in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans.
See also: Mahican.