Josiah, king of ancient Judah (r.639–609 B.C.). His reign was marked by a revival of traditional Jewish worship. Josiah reinstated religious services in the Jerusalem Temple after destroying the idols his father, King Amon, had placed there. During restoration of the Temple, the laws of Moses were found and Josiah read them to the people. Josiah declared independence from the Assyrian Empire and was killed in battle with the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II at Megiddo.