Jerome, Saint (Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus; c. 340–420), biblical scholar, one of the first theologians to be called a Doctor of the Church. After being educated in classical studies, he fled to the desert as a hermit to devote himself to prayer. Subsequently papal secretary, he translated the Old Testament into Latin and wrote New Testament commentaries. His feast day is Sept. 30.
See also: Bible.