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Independence (pop. 111,806), city in Missouri, seat of Jackson County. Located about 10 mi (16 km) east of Kansas City, Independence is largely a residential suburb. Its industries include oil refining and the manufacture of cement, plastics, and farm machinery. Founded in 1827, it was the site of a Mormon colony from 1831 to 1834, and is now the headquarters of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The home of former President Harry S. Truman, it is the site of the Harry S. Truman Library.

See also: Missouri.

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21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Humber, River to Indus Valley civilization