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Holy Grail

Holy Grail, legendary talisman, given various forms in various legends. In his Conte del Graal (c. 1180) Chrétien de Troyes made it the chalice from which Christ drank at the Last Supper and that was used to catch his blood on the Cross. The knight Perceval, as in the poem by Wolfram von Eschenbach Parzival (1210), seeks the Grail to redeem himself and others. Queste del Saint Graal (1200) linked the Grail with the Arthurian legends and was the source of Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur (1470). The Grail legends have inspired such modern writers as T.H. White, T.S. Eliot, and Alfred Lord Tennyson, and also Richard Wagner's operas Lohengrin (1848) and Parsifal (1882).

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