Guayaquil (pop. 1,058,300), Ecuador's largest city, main port, and industrial center, located 40 mi (64 km) from the Pacific Ocean on the Guayas River. Founded by Spaniards in 1535, the city was liberated from Spain in 1821. Guayaquil manufactures textiles and has flour mills, sawmills, breweries, ironworks, and a cement plant.
See also: Ecuador.