Guantánamo (pop. 200,400), city in southeast Cuba, about 20 mi (30 km) inland from Guantánamo Bay, the location of a U.S. naval base established in 1903. Since the revolution of 1959, Cuba has refused to cash the $2,000 per year rental check the United States has sent and has pressed for the base's return to Cuba. Guantánamo is a sugar-refining center and also serves as a hub for processing cacao, coffee, and corn.
See also: Cuba.