Gropius, Walter (1883–1969), German architect and teacher. He was founder of the Bauhaus school and originated the profoundly influential style, characterized by a marriage of form and function and the use of modern materials (especially glass). He fled Germany when the Nazis came to power, settling in the United States in 1937. His designs include the Bauhaus in Dessau (1926) and (in collaboration) the Pan Am Building in New York (1958).
See also: Bauhaus.