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Glasgow (pop. 684,300), Scotland's largest city and principal port, on the River Clyde. It is a major commercial and industrial center for shipbuilding, metal working, and manufacturing. A cultural center, it is home to the Scottish Opera, the Scottish National Orchestra, the Citizens Theatre, and 2 important museums: the Burrell Collection and the Kelvingrove Museum. The University of Glasgow, Scotland's second oldest university, was founded in 1451. Glasgow was founded in the 6th century. It became an important port with the unification of Scotland and England (1707) and by the late 18th century was the second-largest city in the British Empire (after London).

See also: Scotland.

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21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Ghibellines to Grand Prix