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Unemployment, situation in which people who are normally part of the labor force are unable to find jobs. Seasonal layoffs occur because certain jobs are not available year round. Cyclical unemployment occurs during economic depressions or recessions, when production declines. Structural unemployment refers to permanent shifts in a nation's productive system such that certain groups become permanently unemployed.

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21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - Transcendentalism to United Church of Christ