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Sucrose, white, crystalline disaccharide carbohydrate (C12H22O11) commercially obtained from sugar beet, sugarcane, and sweet sorghum. Common table sugar, sucrose is composed of a glucose unit joined to a fructose unit. Sucrose is produced from juice or sap, which is evaporated to form molasses. Additional evaporation yields brown-colored sugar, which is whitened through further refining.

See also: Sugar.

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