Soyer brothers, family name of 2 U.S. artists. Twins Raphael (1899–1987) and Moses (1899–1974) emigrated from Russia in 1912. They were impressed by U.S. realist artists and began to paint scenes of everyday life and of common people. Raphael, whose works include Mission (1935), Office Workers (1936), and Avenue of the Americas (1970), was called the “dean of American realism.” Moses painted with a more vigorous style, using sharp contrasts and vibrant colors. His works include Out of Work (l937) and Ballet Studio (1955).