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Septuagint, oldest Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament, probably from an older source than any now extant. The Pentateuch was translated in Alexandria at the behest of Ptolemy II (250 B.C.), according to legend by 70 scholars (hence the name septuagiht, Latin for “seventy”). It was completed, including the Apocrypha in 130 B.C.

See also: Old Testament.

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