Sennacherib (d.681 B.C.; r.704–681 B.C.), Assyrian king who succeeded his father, Sargon II. Sennacherib's reign was characterized by war. He put down a revolt by the Elams and the Babylonians led by Merodach-Baladan, the former Babylonian king (703 B.C.). He defeated Egypt and, except for Jerusalem, crushed revolts in Syria and Palestine (701 B.C.). He again fought Babylon and razed the city in 689 B.C. He made Nineveh the Assyrian capital and a magnificent city. Sennacherib was murdered by his sons.
See also: Assyria.