Scottsdale (pop. 88,622), city in south-central Arizona and now a suburb of Phoenix. First settled in 1888 by Major Winfield Scott, a Union chaplain during the Civil War, it became a stagecoach stop and agricultural community. It grew rapidly after World War II with the local development of the electronics industry. Scottsdale is a center for artists and craftspeople, and Frank Lloyd Wright's architecture school, Taliesin West, is located nearby. In the winter its desert climate attracts many tourists.