Franz Peter Schubert
Schubert, Franz Peter (1797–1828), Viennese composer. He wrote nine symphonies, of which the Fifth (1816), Eighth (1822), and Ninth (1828) are among the world's greatest. He is also famous for his piano pieces and chamber music (especially his string quartets), but above all for his over 600 lieder (songs). In addition to individual lieder such as “The Erl King” and “The Trout,” he wrote song cycles, among them The Maid of the Mill and Winter's Journey.