Savannah (pop. 147,000), port city in southeastern Georgia near the mouth of the Savannah River, seat of Chatham County. The town was established by James Oglethorpe when he founded Georgia colony in 1733. Its capture (1864) ended General William T. Sherman's march to the sea during the Civil War. In addition to being a major Southern port, Savannah has become a center for agricultural trade and for the production of wood pulp and paper. The city is home to several colleges, and a U.S. Army training center for helicopter pilots is located nearby. Since 1955 it has attracted tourists with its restored historic buildings.
See also: Georgia.