Banjul (pop. 44,200), capital of Gambia in West Africa, located on St. Mary's Island where the Gambia River flows into the Atlantic Ocean. It is Gambia's only large city, its chief port and economic center. Exports include peanuts, clothing, and farm machinery. It was founded in 1816 (as Bathurst) as a British base for eliminating the slave trade. Gambia gained independence in 1965, and the city was renamed Banjul in 1973.
See also: Gambia.